June 26, 2011
June 26, 2011
June 29, 2011
Computers in Education
22.1473.1 - 22.1473.12
The Inside-Out Course: A Win-Win-Win Strategy for Teaching with TechnologyABSTRACTAs costs of higher education soar and many universities face uncertain funding models,institutional pressures have increased to improve instructor efficiency. At the same time, U.S.industry leaders and leading educators have called for improvements in engineering educationbased on more interactive, hands-on student learning experiences. Although many efforts havebeen made to take advantage of technology to either improve student learning or to maintainstudent learning while increasing instructor efficiency, few approaches have been shown toimprove both learning and efficiency. A teaching method is proposed to improve studentlearning and increase student satisfaction while also addressing the instructors’ experience andthe ongoing efficiency challenge.The approach is to essentially reverse the traditional model of lectures in a classroom andpractice exercises for homework. Instead, the core knowledge content from a class is storedelectronically for easy access by students through the internet. In the current study, this hastaken the form of video-recorded instruction combined with interactive computer screen capture.The content is broken into digestible “chunks” of approximately ten minutes, each correspondingto a key course topic. Students access the course content on-line at their own convenience. Theytake notes and complete minor practice tasks as requested in the instruction. The instructorrecords the content once, with only updates needed during future course offerings. During classmeeting times, the instructor leads the students in “working sessions” that may include practiceexercises, project work, or other hands-on learning. The instructor, as well as computers,textbooks, and the other students, are available as resources from which the students draw tocomplete the assignment. Since assignments must be completed and submitted for grade by theend of the class session, the students have an incentive to stay current and prepared in terms ofwatching the on-line instruction content. Instead of preparing for a formal lecture session, theinstructor must simply be available during the working session to assist and coach the studentsthrough the assignment.The first offering of such a course is described in the paper, complete with assessments ofstudent learning and satisfaction. It is of particular interest to determine if learning styles anddemographics of the students influence performance under the new class method. Course examscores, compared to previous offerings of the course, will be used to assess performance.Surveys of the students will assess their time commitment, comfort level, perception of fairness,and overall satisfaction. Since the method can be thought of as shifting more of the learningburden to the students themselves, a survey will assess motivation and its effect on involvementand performance. An estimate is also made of instructor time efficiency, both in terms of theinvestment of creating the on-line content the first time and the overall time involved in teachingthe class. It is expected that the method provides a more effective, satisfying learning experiencefor both the students and the instructor and that the increased instructor efficiency will appeal toinstitutions that are challenged with doing more with less.
Waldorf, D. J., & Schlemer, L. T. (2011, June), The Inside-Out Classroom: A Win-Win-Win Strategy for Teaching with Technology Paper presented at 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC. https://peer.asee.org/18432
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