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The Leadership of Science and Engineering Education in Afghanistan

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2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Vancouver, BC

Publication Date

June 26, 2011

Start Date

June 26, 2011

End Date

June 29, 2011



Conference Session

Developing International Engineering Research, Course Enhancement, Leadership of, and Online Engineering Education

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Page Count


Page Numbers

22.1477.1 - 22.1477.7



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Paper Authors


Bahawodin Baha University of Brighton

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Dr. Bahawodin Baha is a Principal Lecturer at the Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Brighton, England. Following his graduation from Kabul University (KU) in 1980, he was an assistant lecturer at KU for a while. Then he was able to obtain a British Council Scholarship and completed his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees at the Universities of Salford and Brighton respectively. He has been teaching at the University of Brighton since 1989, where he has been teaching and conducting research in electronics, where he has published many papers on power electronics at high quality international journals and conferences.

In addition to his duties at University of Brighton, he has been helping the higher education sector in Afghanistan for the last seven years. He is conducting several DFID/British Council and the World Bank funded projects in Afghanistan. He has prepared several reports for the Afghan government and has published many papers at international conferences on how to improve technical vocational and engineering education in Afghanistan.
He was a visiting scholar at Virginia Polytechnic, Institute and Sate University in the USA in 1991 - 1992.

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Ogai Ahmadi Kabul University, Afghanistan

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Ogai Ahmadi is a lecturer at the Faculty of Computer Science, Kabul University (KU), Afghanistan. She received her B.S. from Kabul University and was chosen on merit to be appointed as an assistant lecturer, and then was subsequently sent to Germany in order to complete her master degree in Computer Science and IT at Technical University of Berlin. She has completed her M.Sc. and returned back to KU where she continues her teaching and research duties. She has conducted several presentations in Afghanistan and Germany about the progress of computer science and IT in Afghanistan during the last seven years.

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The Leadership of Science and Engineering Education in AfghanistanAbstractThe development in Science, Engineering and Technologies has revolutionized the world andhas significantly improved the quality of life in the more developed countries. However, thereal benefits of these developments have not reached the people of less developed countries;in particular the impact is the lowest amongst the war torn countries such as Afghanistan,Somalia and etc. Since the intervention of the international community in the recent years,attempt has been made to improve the education system in Afghanistan with limited success.However, the fundamental issues have not been fully resolved. One of the main issues thathave been identified is the lack of strong leadership at the higher education sector in thecountry, specifically at the major universities and educational establishments.The challenging world needs a new type of leaders, who do not simply issue orders butempower others and creates alliances to realize a vision. Though, such a vision has not beenwidely shared amongst the decision makers in Afghanistan according to the authorexperience. At present, the higher education in the subjects of science, engineering andtechnology is in a fragile state and therefore, there is a need for strong leadership which canintroduce major changes and establish the links between these crucial subjects anddevelopment in the country. Such improvement can drastically affect the development in thatpart of the world which is essential to revitalize the economy and eventually improve thequality of life of the people over there.The author strongly believe that leadership ought to be one of the main themes beside otherissues in order to establish a viable higher education system in Afghanistan that is capable toaddress the challenges that exist in the country.This paper will present the result of an investigation to identify the main obstacles in themanagement practices which are related to improve the capabilities of senior managers atUniversities in Afghanistan. Furthermore, recommendations will be made on how to applyinternational standards in the training, selection and recruitment process of the seniormanagers with the aim to enhance the standard of education particularly in science,engineering and technologies.

Baha, B., & Ahmadi, O. (2011, June), The Leadership of Science and Engineering Education in Afghanistan Paper presented at 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC. 10.18260/1-2--18751

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