June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
12.1448.1 - 12.1448.5
THE NATIONAL PROJECT FOR THE INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HIGHER ENGINEERING EDUCATION IN RUSSIA
The new priority national project started in Russia in 2005, the main objective of this project being the realization by engineering universities of certain complex programs for perfection of academic and scientific activities. As a result, an effective segment of the national innovative system is to be formed on the basis of the leading technical universities of the Russian Federation. Selection of the project participants is done in the form of an open competition, and universities – the winners of this competition – receive a governmental grant in the amount from two to five annual budgets for the period of two years.
The programs, being realized by these universities, envisage a whole complex of pedagogical innovations, including such as: - introduction of a two-level system “bachelor-master”; - introduction of a credit-modular construction of academic programs; - wide usage of information technologies and active (involved) methods of teaching; - combination of academic, scientific and practical (production) activities; - evaluation of the quality of education on the basis of actual competencies.
Priority support is given to training of engineers in the spheres of nanomaterials, nanotechnologies, microelectronics, power engineering and energy saving, info- communicational technologies, aerospace technologies, new materials, etc.
The project also provides for institutional transformations with establishment in engineering universities of scientific-educational centers and innovative infrastructure.
The national project, which is nowadays being realized in Russia, is a pilot one; a new generation of the state educational standards of the higher engineering education is being worked out on the basis of this project. These standards will determine the content, methodical and resource provision of higher engineering education, as well as principles and forms of monitoring and control of results of academic process.
The modern innovative changes in the national system of the higher engineering education in Russia are specified in more detail below in the present paper of the Russian Association of Engineering Universities.
Necessity of changes in the higher engineering education in Russia
Unfortunately we have to state that both traditional Russian governmental universities and newly established non-governmental universities together with Russian business (which is mainly concentrated in the sphere of primary product) turned out to be incapable of creating a strategy for the necessary large-scale transformations in the post-soviet system of university education, as well as of reforming this system under new conditions of market economy. Regardless of certain successful achievements of some universities, at present the Russian
Zhurakovskiy, V., & Nesterov, A. (2007, June), The National Project For The Innovative Development Of The Higher Engineering Education In Russia Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. 10.18260/1-2--2526
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