Albuquerque, New Mexico
June 24, 2001
June 24, 2001
June 27, 2001
6.1035.1 - 6.1035.9
The Role of the Lecturer in the New Learning Strategies
Marilyn Barger, Renata Engel, Richard Gilbert, Mark Maughmer and Bonnie Osif
University of South Florida/ Penn State/ University of South Florida/ Penn State/ Penn State
Recent trends in education have included learning strategies that employ complex, often multi- disciplinary, problems as centerpieces. They are then employed as beacons toward which course topics, concepts, or solution methods are directed. Generally, the learning strategies can be categorized as case-based, problem-based, or inquiry-based. These three new approaches tend to rely on the use of technical papers or briefs, whether electronic or printed, to support and drive the discussion of the topic. As a result, the traditional role of the lecturer, moving sequentially through chapters in a textbook, has been challenged. However, the qualities that make for an effective traditional lecture are also present in these new approaches.
I. Learning strategies and their use in engineering courses
Case-based learning uses previously solved problems to understand and investigate the decisions and methodologies that were employed to arrive at the solution. For engineering courses, cases may come from industrial projects or previous design projects. They include enough details about the problem statement and the variety of solutions under consideration so that advantages and disadvantages can be discussed. Depending on the course and topic, the case may draw attention to the technical issues, economical aspects, and societal impact.
Consider an introductory engineering design course, where students get their first exposure to the design process by solving an industrial problem. Prior to tackling the problem, the instructor may choose to introduce students to the design approach by reviewing how students from previous semesters addressed a different industry-sponsored project. In this instance, the ’case’ would focus on how the students organized their work, gathered information, dealt with highly technical information, made decisions, and presented their solution. The instructor’s role is to present the students with the proper background information to the problem and solution approach, craft sessions to dissect and discuss the information, and provide an opportunity for students to reflect or get feedback on their understanding of the design process.
Problem-based learning is similar to case-based learning in that it features a problem statement; however with this method, the solution will be determined by the students and the learning occurs while solving the problem. An additional outcome of the method is that students develop
Proceedings of the 2001 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition Copyright 2001, American Society for Engineering Education
Gilbert, R., & Maughmer, M., & Osif, B., & Barger, M., & Engel, R. (2001, June), The Role Of The Lecturer In The New Learning Strategies Paper presented at 2001 Annual Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico. https://peer.asee.org/9757
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