Salt Lake City, Utah
June 23, 2018
June 23, 2018
July 27, 2018
Pre-College Engineering Education
Recent initiatives in engineering education have resulted in the integration of engineering concepts directly into K-12 education standards. The most notable example of this is the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), released in 2013. The NGSS not only includes standards focused directly on engineering, but also lists engineering design as one of four primary domains of science.
Since educational standards are defined on a state-by-state basis, the direct impact of the NGSS is limited to the states which choose to adopt them. Beyond this, however, the NGSS have an indirect impact as a concrete and well-known example of engineering integration, and as an inspiration for additional states to reconsider their own standards in the light of NGSS. Work by Tamara Moore and colleagues provides a detailed reference point for the state of engineering in science standards at the time of the NGSS publication, however many science standards have been changed across the country in the five years since the NGSS were first published. Since their release, the NGSS have been adopted by 20 states, and eight others have implemented standards based on the NGSS themselves or the framework behind the NGSS.
This paper provides a summary of the current state of engineering integration in science standards across the nation. It first includes a brief overview of the development NGSS and then describes how the NGSS has influenced state science standards across the country. Timelines of standard adoption for states that adopted the NGSS and states that adopted modified standards based on them are presented. Also, states that have not changed their standards, and states that have published new or updated science standards not based on the NGSS since 2011 will be mentioned for completeness. This paper concludes with recommendations for future research.
Lopez, S. E., & Goodridge, W. H. (2018, June), The State of Engineering Integration in K-12 Science Standards: Five Years After NGSS (Fundamental) Paper presented at 2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Salt Lake City, Utah. https://peer.asee.org/31125
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