Virtual On line
June 22, 2020
June 22, 2020
June 26, 2021
Educational Research and Methods
The past decade has witnessed remarkable advancements in 3D printing or more scientifically called as additive manufacturing (AM). Surprisingly, few behavioral scientists have taken advantage of 3D printing in the design of the apparatus. The use of 3D printing has much to recommend it for behavioral scientists. First, the cost of commercial behavioral apparatus can run into thousands of dollars for a simple “Skinner Box” where animals are trained to press a lever for a food reward. Second, as grant money and start-up funds for young faculty are becoming increasingly difficult to obtain. 3D printers allow faculty members to spend significantly less on apparatus costs. Third, for those behavioral scientists wishing to work with more exotic laboratory species such as invertebrates, there are few commercially available apparatuses. In such cases, the behavioral scientist must construct an apparatus on their own which can be time-consuming and often of low quality and limited applications. The inferior quality of many of these “handmade” apparatuses induces experimental errors that influence the experimental results and replicability. Fourth, by having an ability to print 3D apparatuses, it extends behavioral science to a wider range of individuals. For example, high school students and college undergraduates can now develop sophisticated apparatus to study a wide range of behavioral issues. Fifth, 3D printing of behavioral apparatus will lead to greater standardization of apparatus and greater standardization among behavioral laboratories. Our paper discusses the advantages of 3D printing, the type of 3D printers (printing technologies) we have found most useful for various applications, offer practical suggestions on how engineers and behavioral scientists can communicate with each other on apparatus design issues and discuss how apparatus design with 3D printing can increase student interest in STEM field. We first document that experimental psychologists seldom use 3D printer technology and then offer recommendations on how to increase the use of such technology in the behavioral sciences.
Vora, H. D., & Abramson, C. I. (2020, June), The Use of 3-D Printing in Behavioral Research – A Proposal for the Interaction Between Engineers and Experimental Psychologists Paper presented at 2020 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual On line . 10.18260/1-2--35377
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2020 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015