Asee peer logo

The Use of Parametric Modeling to Enhance the Understanding of Concrete Formwork Structures

Download Paper |


2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access


Virtual Conference

Publication Date

July 26, 2021

Start Date

July 26, 2021

End Date

July 19, 2022

Conference Session

Architectural Engineering Division Technical Session 1

Tagged Division

Architectural Engineering

Page Count




Permanent URL

Download Count


Request a correction

Paper Authors


Sanjeev Adhikari Kennesaw State University

visit author page

Dr. Sanjeev Adhikari is faculty from Kennesaw State University. Previously he was faculty at Morehead State University from 2009 to 2016 and faculty at Purdue University – Indianapolis from 2016 to 2019. He has completed Ph.D. degree in civil engineering, focusing on construction management from Michigan Technological University in 2008. He has an extensive teaching background with a total of 18 years academic experience at five different universities. He has always been praised by students and department for his outstanding teaching and research excellence. To supplement his teaching and research, he has been involved in numerous professional societies, including ASCE, ACI, ASEE, ASC, ATMAE and TRB. His research output has been well disseminated as he has published thirty journal papers and thirty-nine conference papers. His research interests are 1) Creating Innovative Sustainable Materials, 2) Structural BIM Integration, 3) 4D/5D BIM, 4) Virtual Testing Lab, 5) Innovative Construction Demolition, and 6) Carbon Footprint Analysis on Roadways.

visit author page

author page

Jeffrey Collins


Giovanni Loreto Kennesaw State University

visit author page

Giovanni Loreto is an Assistant Professor in the College of Architecture and Construction Management at the Kennesaw State University (KSU). He earned both his Master in Architectural Engineering and Ph.D. in Civil Engineering from the University of Napoli “Federico II”, Italy. Before joining KSU in the Fall 2016, he worked as postdoctoral associate at both the University of Miami and Georgia Institute of Technology.
He has conducted research across different disciplines with particular focus on novel construction materials and structural performance evaluation. His research activity focuses on: the advancement of high strength/high performance cementitious materials and steel composite (SC) structures; the development of advanced composites-based systems for repair and strengthening existing structures, the structural health monitoring and correlation between traditional on-field analysis and novel-monitoring techniques.
At KSU his teaching efforts focus on the integration of structural concepts within the architectural design process. He is currently teaching courses on structural analysis, design of concrete/wood/steel structures, and architecture studio design with an overarching goal of bridging the gap between theory and practice.

visit author page


Tran Duong Nguyen Kennesaw State University

visit author page

Over the past twelve years, I have worked as an architect/ planner on various residential, commercial, and retail mixed-use projects in the hospitality and public development sectors. I have managed projects from the initial design stage to completion. Throughout my profession, I have become increasingly involved in project management roles. In addition to my hands-on experience, other areas that interest me in my future research are improved techniques and sustainable construction methods. These are a couple of projects I plan to continue and grow with the Kennesaw State University's support. One of the studies that I have started is the development of performance certification techniques for sustainable sites, water efficiency, energy & atmosphere, materials & resources, indoor environmental quality, innovation, and design. I have also analyzed the cost and schedule for a specific sustainable construction project. Through my capability, I have become well versed in conducting research, writing reports, analyzing and presenting data, and scheduling programs. Currently, I am a graduate student of Kennesaw State University to pursue my Master's degree in Construction Management program.

visit author page

Download Paper |


Teaching construction management (CM) courses are often challenging due to students’ different learning styles. Students may be required to develop three-dimensional (3D) models by mentally visualizing other project components. Students with little or no practical experience often seem to find such exercises challenging, spending unnecessary amounts of time developing 3D digital models. One example is temporary structures for concrete slab formwork, comprised of four parts: sheathing, joists, stringers, and shores. It indicates the relationship between these parts and the concrete slab, their sizes, and quantity takeoffs. This research introduces an automated parametric tool to foster and encourage learning, allowing students to develop digital models at their own pace through provided, interactive, and easy-to-understand 3D models of a temporary structure. In this study, parametric modeling tools represent a temporary structure for concrete slab placement applications. The approach helps students to visualize the design of loads and formwork in different configurations through 3D models. Beyond this course exercise, such models could be used to analyze material quantity takeoffs, assess alternative designs, study constructability, and automate shop drawing production. The parametric tools used in this study were Revit and Dynamo. This study aims to determine if and how parametric tools can aid students enrolled in the CM program to better understand 3D models, specifically for representing temporary structures in concrete applications. To evaluate this study’s results, an online survey was designed and distributed among CM students, capturing student learning experience during parametric modeling, and assessing time-efficiency and student engagement. The survey results are analyzed, and data is presented to compare challenges faced with or without using parametric modeling on teaching and learning activities. Results show how this approach increased students’ motivation and ability to learn structures with satisfactory results for both instructors and students. Keywords: parametric modeling, concrete slab formwork, construction management curriculum, building information modeling (BIM), 3D model, Revit, Dynamo.

Adhikari, S., & Collins, J., & Loreto, G., & Nguyen, T. D. (2021, July), The Use of Parametric Modeling to Enhance the Understanding of Concrete Formwork Structures Paper presented at 2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual Conference. 10.18260/1-2--37903

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2021 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015