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To Inhibit or Invite: Collaboration from Far Away

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2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access


Virtual Conference

Publication Date

July 26, 2021

Start Date

July 26, 2021

End Date

July 19, 2022

Conference Session

Entrepreneurship and Engineering Innovation Division Technical Session 2

Tagged Division

Entrepreneurship & Engineering Innovation

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Paper Authors


Barbara A. Karanian Stanford University

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Barbara A. Karanian, Ph.D. , Lecturer, formerly visiting Professor, in the School of Engineering, in the Mechanical Engineering Design Group at Stanford University.
Barbara's research focuses on four areas: 1)grounding a blend of theories from social-cognitive psychology, engineering design, and art to show how cognition affects design; 2) changing the way people understand the emotion behind their work with the intent to do something new; 3) shifting norms of leaders involved in entrepreneurial-minded action; and 4) developing teaching methods with a storytelling focus in engineering and science education.
Founder of the Design Entrepreneuring Studio: Barbara helps teams generate creative environments. Companies that she has worked with renew their commitment to innovation. She also helps students answer these questions when she teaches some of these methods to engineering, design, business, medicine, and law students. Her courses use active storytelling and self-reflective observation as one form to help student and industry leaders traverse across the iterative stages of a project- from the early, inspirational stages to prototyping and then to delivery.

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Ville M. Taajamaa City of Espoo

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Ville M. Taajamaa, DSc (Tech), research focuses in engineering
education and new product development. The main outcome in his recent action–based research is the creation of a new model for interdisciplinary engineering education. He now works with the UN Agenda 2030 and the SDGs implementation at local, regional, national and international level in the city of Espoo, Finland observing, conceiving and implementing how cities can become more sustainable through collaboration with Citizens, universities, industry, EU, UN and other stakeholders.

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Mona Eskandari University of California, Riverside

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Mona Eskandari is an assistant professor in the department of mechanical engineering at UC-Riverside, specializing in biomechanics. Prior to joining UCR, she was a postdoctoral fellow at UC-Berkeley and received her doctorate from Stanford University. She was named a University of California Provost's Engineering Research Faculty Fellow, a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow, a DARE Doctoral Fellow, and a Stanford Graduate Science and Engineering Fellow. Eskandari is a recipient of ASEE's Early Engineering Educator Award and the prestigious K. Patricia Cross Future Leaders of Higher Education Award from the Association of American Colleges and Universities.

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This paper examines the lack of physical and in-person interaction on collaboration. We explore the extent of the shock on collaborative work due to current pandemic related circumstances in and beyond the classroom and how university students and professors have responded to the shock. In a descriptive analysis we consider evidence from diverse literature relating in-person connections to routine response or inhibition of innovative action (trying something new) and lack of in person interaction to elevated attempts at innovative action. Preliminary examination of qualitative responses from faculty and student collaboration is associated specifically with (a) positive affect during first-time experiences vs. practice effects in existing relationships, (b) negative affect as intimidation factor with in person or virtual communication, (c) elevated attempts to iterate in the middle of uncertainty, and (d) inhibited social behavior. Focus in on the role of collaboration for transformative work in engineering education with a central question: How does positive interpersonal expression amplify collaboration while meeting virtually?

Karanian, B. A., & Taajamaa, V. M., & Eskandari, M. (2021, July), To Inhibit or Invite: Collaboration from Far Away Paper presented at 2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual Conference.

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