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Two Phase Flow Water Gas Separation in Biomass Energy Production

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2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Seattle, Washington

Publication Date

June 14, 2015

Start Date

June 14, 2015

End Date

June 17, 2015





Conference Session

Various Prospectives in Power Systems

Tagged Division

Engineering Technology

Page Count


Page Numbers

26.1611.1 - 26.1611.10



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Paper Authors


Yeong Ryu State University of New York, Farmingdale

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YEONG S. RYU graduated from Columbia University with a Ph.D. and Master of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering in 1994. He has served as an associate professor of Mechanical Engineering Technology at Farmingdale State College (SUNY) since 2006. In addition, he has conducted various research projects at Xerox Corporation (1994-1995), Hyundai Motor Corporation (1995-1997), and New Jersey Institute of Technology (2001-2003).
He has been teaching and conducting research in a broad range of areas of system identification and control of nonlinear mechatronic systems and vibrations in structures requiring precision pointing to eliminate the detrimental effects of such diverse disturbance sources. He has authored or co-authored more than 70 publications. His work currently focuses on the development and implementation of modeling and control of renewable energy systems, characterization of nanomaterials, photovoltaics, and nanoscale integrated systems. He is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) and the Materials Research Society (MRS).

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Hazem Tawfik State University of New York, Farmingdale

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Prof. Tawfik obtained his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering, from University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. He has held a number of industrial & academic positions and affiliations with organizations that included Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), Stony Brook University (SBU), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Atomic Energy of Canada Inc., Ontario Hydro, NASA Kennedy, NASA Marshall Space Flight Centers, and the U.S. Naval Surface Warfare Center at Carderock, Md. Dr. Tawfik is the co-author of more than 60 research papers in the areas of Hydrogen Fuel Cells, Biomass Energy, Thermo- fluids and Two Phase Flow published in prestigious peer reviewed journals and conference symposiums. He holds numerous research awards and owns the rights to four patents in the Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells area. Currently, Dr. Tawfik is a SUNY Distinguished Service Professor and the Director of the Institute for Research and Technology Transfer (IRTT) at Farmingdale State College of the State University of New York.

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Brandon Scott Weisberg Farmingdale State College

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Junior Mechanical Engineering Technology Student at Farmingdale State College

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Gonca Altuger-Genc State University of New York, Farmingdale

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Dr. Gonca Altuger-Genc is an Assistant Professor at State University of New York - Farmingdale State College in the Mechanical Engineering Technology Department. She is serving as the K-12 STEM Outreach Research and Training Coordinator at Renewable Energy and Sustainability Center at Farmingdale State College.
Her research interests are engineering education, self-directed lifelong learning, virtual laboratories, and decision-making framework development for design and manufacturing environments.

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Two Phase Flow Water Gas Separation in Biomass Energy ProductionRecent concerns over the security and reliability of the world’s energy supply has caused a fluxtowards the research and development of renewable sources. A leading renewable source hasbeen found in the biomass gasification of biological materials derived from organic matters suchas wood chips, forest debris, and farm waste that are found in abundance in the USA. There is avery strong interest worldwide in the development of technologies that allow the coupling ofbiomass gasification and fuel cell systems to produce high-energy efficiency, cleanenvironmental performance and near-zero greenhouse gas emissions. Biomass gasification is aprocess which produces synthesis gas (syngas) that contains 19% hydrogen and 20% carbonmonoxide from organic matter.In order to efficiently produce hydrogen from biomass that is capable of energizing the ProtonExchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell to generate combined heat and power, ultraclean hydrogenwith carbon monoxide (CO) content less than 10 parts per million (ppm) must be fed to the PEMfuel cell to prevent the poisoning of its platinum catalyst.Therefore, the separation of the gas from the water was found to be a very necessary process.The considerable centrifugal force difference between gases and liquids like water is the essenceof this research work for these two phases separation. A prototype for the two phase separator isdesigned, fabricated and tested.A major objective of this project is to enhance the educational experiences of engineeringstudents while working on a team project resembling a realistic work environment similar to thatof and industrial setting. The outcome of such learning experiences from this effort will be thedesign, implementation, theoretical analysis, model development and experimental application inthe near future of an interdisciplinary project oriented course for engineering students. Thiscourse will involve concepts from fluid mechanics, heat transfer, electronics, finite elementanalysis, instrumentation, and data acquisition/analysis.

Ryu, Y., & Tawfik, H., & Weisberg, B. S., & Altuger-Genc, G. (2015, June), Two Phase Flow Water Gas Separation in Biomass Energy Production Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.24947

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