June 14, 2015
June 14, 2015
June 17, 2015
26.1611.1 - 26.1611.10
Two Phase Flow Water Gas Separation in Biomass Energy ProductionRecent concerns over the security and reliability of the world’s energy supply has caused a fluxtowards the research and development of renewable sources. A leading renewable source hasbeen found in the biomass gasification of biological materials derived from organic matters suchas wood chips, forest debris, and farm waste that are found in abundance in the USA. There is avery strong interest worldwide in the development of technologies that allow the coupling ofbiomass gasification and fuel cell systems to produce high-energy efficiency, cleanenvironmental performance and near-zero greenhouse gas emissions. Biomass gasification is aprocess which produces synthesis gas (syngas) that contains 19% hydrogen and 20% carbonmonoxide from organic matter.In order to efficiently produce hydrogen from biomass that is capable of energizing the ProtonExchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell to generate combined heat and power, ultraclean hydrogenwith carbon monoxide (CO) content less than 10 parts per million (ppm) must be fed to the PEMfuel cell to prevent the poisoning of its platinum catalyst.Therefore, the separation of the gas from the water was found to be a very necessary process.The considerable centrifugal force difference between gases and liquids like water is the essenceof this research work for these two phases separation. A prototype for the two phase separator isdesigned, fabricated and tested.A major objective of this project is to enhance the educational experiences of engineeringstudents while working on a team project resembling a realistic work environment similar to thatof and industrial setting. The outcome of such learning experiences from this effort will be thedesign, implementation, theoretical analysis, model development and experimental application inthe near future of an interdisciplinary project oriented course for engineering students. Thiscourse will involve concepts from fluid mechanics, heat transfer, electronics, finite elementanalysis, instrumentation, and data acquisition/analysis.
Ryu, Y., & Tawfik, H., & Weisberg, B. S., & Altuger-Genc, G. (2015, June), Two Phase Flow Water Gas Separation in Biomass Energy Production Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.24947
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