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Undergraduate Students' Research on Energy Saving in Industrial Robots: Effect of Regular and Irregular Meetings on Deductive Research

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2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Tampa, Florida

Publication Date

June 15, 2019

Start Date

June 15, 2019

End Date

June 19, 2019

Conference Session

Energy Conversion and Conservation Division Technical Session 5

Tagged Division

Energy Conversion and Conservation

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Paper Authors


Siamak Farhad University of Akron

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Dr. Siamak Farhad is an Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering Department at The University of Akron. He received his Ph.D. degree from The University of Waterloo in 2012 in Mechanical Engineering, followed by one year work in the “Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems” at Ryerson University and one year in “Applied Nano-material & Clean Energy Lab.” at the University of Waterloo as a Post-doctoral Fellow. He worked two years as a visitor researcher at the National Research Council (NRC) Canada during his Ph.D. He is currently actively working on several University-wide collaborations, funded project from State of Ohio, NASA, and National Science Foundation. He has more than 60 peer-reviewed journal and conference papers. His current research focuses are primarily on energy conversion & storage systems, energy saving in industry, energy materials, and measurements.

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Daniel E. Kandray Sr. University of Akron

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Professor Kandray is an Associate Professor of the Advanced Manufacturing Engineering Technology and Automated Manufacturing Engineering Technology programs at the University of Akron. He is an accomplished, multifaceted engineering professional with 30+ years of experience serving the manufacturing industry as an engineer, automation specialist, and educator.
Professor Kandray holds a Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from Youngstown State University and a Master of Technology degree from Kent State University. He is a registered Professional Engineer in the state of Ohio and the co-inventor of two United States Patents. He is an internationally published author with the Chinese translation of his textbook, Programmable Automation Technologies, An Introduction to CNC, Robotics and PLCs. He is an active member of the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME), serving as Faculty Advisor to the University of Akron’s student chapter S362.
His mission is to attract top quality talent to an advanced manufacturing career by linking in-demand skilled manufacturing positions with a University Degree.
Education and Licensure:
• Registered Professional Engineer, State of Ohio, No. E-62837
• Master of Technology, August 2003, Kent State University, Kent, OH.
• Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering, Magna Cum Laude, March 1986, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH.
• Twenty years’ experience teaching in Manufacturing Engineering Technology and Mechanical Engineering Technology programs.
• Thirty plus years’ of manufacturing and mechanical engineering experience in the design and manufacture of products, automated systems and tooling.
Areas of Interest
• Education of those involved in manufacturing on how to best apply and utilize automation technologies to achieve the largest productivity gains.
• Kandray, Daniel E. (2010) Programmable Automation Technologies, An Introduction to CNC, Robotics and PLCs, Industrial Press, Inc., New York, New York
• Kandray, Daniel E. (2004). “Comparison of Fixed Automation and Flexible Automation from a Productivity Standpoint”, Society of Manufacturing Engineers Technical Paper TP04PUB206, 2004
• Inventor on U.S. Patent 7,975,647, Flow restrictor for milking apparatus, July 12, 2011
• Inventor on U.S. Patent 8,302,561, Teat cup shell, November 6, 2012

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Maryam Younessi Sinaki Cleveland State University

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Dr. Maryam Younessi Sinaki is a Visiting Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at Cleveland State University (CSU), Ohio. She received her Ph.D. degree from The University of Waterloo, Canada in 2014 in Mechanical Engineering. After graduation, she started as a senior lecturer at the University of Akron, and became a Visiting Assistant Professor at CSU. Her research is mainly on the numerical modeling of energy systems.

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In recent years, several manufacturers have moved toward manufacturing automation with industrial robots because they can increase productivity and product quality, while decreasing manufacturing costs. Despite these advantages, robots may increase the energy consumption of manufacturing. Two undergraduate research teams were separately involved on an identical senior design project in which industrial robot energy consumption was investigated. The method of involvement of the first and second teams on the project was deductive and conducted with irregular and regular meetings with the advisor, respectively. The effect of operating speed of different joints of a 6-axis industrial robot on energy consumption was studied by these two teams and their results are compared and presented in this paper. Although the capabilities of students in these two teams were almost the same, the results obtained by the team involved on the project with regular meetings were more comprehensive than the team with irregular meetings. Overall, an almost 50% improvement in the research performance of undergraduate students was observed after using the regular meetings method. This method may also increase the willingness of undergraduate students to continue their education at MSc. and Ph.D. levels.

Farhad, S., & Kandray, D. E., & Younessi Sinaki, M. (2019, June), Undergraduate Students' Research on Energy Saving in Industrial Robots: Effect of Regular and Irregular Meetings on Deductive Research Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida.

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