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Understanding the Development of Teamwork Competency to Comprehend the Transformation in Systems Engineering discipline

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Conference

2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access

Location

Virtual Conference

Publication Date

July 26, 2021

Start Date

July 26, 2021

End Date

July 19, 2022

Conference Session

Systems Engineering Division Technical Session 1

Tagged Division

Systems Engineering

Page Count

20

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/37966

Download Count

102

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Paper Authors

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Tahsin Mahmud Chowdhury Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

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Tahsin Mahmud Chowdhury is a Ph.D. student in Engineering Education and an M.S. student in Industrial and Systems Engineering at Virginia Tech (VT). Tahsin holds a bachelor's degree in Electrical and Electronics Engineering and has worked as a manufacturing professional at a Fortune 500 company. As an Engineering Education researcher, he is interested in enhancing professional competencies for engineering workforce development in academia and beyond. He is actively engaged in different projects at the department focusing on teamwork and leadership competencies in engineering. Tahsin’s long term goal is to bridge the engineering competency gap between industry demand and academic fulfillment.

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Sreyoshi Bhaduri McGraw Hill

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Dr. Sreyoshi Bhaduri is an Engineering Educator and People Researcher. She currently heads Global People Research and Analytics at McGraw Hill, where she leads research leveraging employee data to generate data-driven insights for decisions impacting organizational Culture and Talent. Her research interests include assessing the impact and effectiveness of inclusion initiatives as well as employing innovative, ethical and inclusive mixed-methods research approaches using AI to uncover insights about the 21st century workforce. Sreyoshi is passionate about improving belonging among women in STEM and Engineering. She was recently elected as Senator at the Society of Women Engineers - a not for profit organization with over 42,000 global members and the world’s largest advocate and catalyst for change for women in engineering and technology. She is also a member of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Learn more about her work and get in touch at www.ThatStatsGirl.com.

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Homero Murzi Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/0000-0003-3849-2947

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Homero Murzi is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Engineering Education at Virginia Tech. He holds degrees in Industrial Engineering (BS, MS), Master of Business Administration (MBA) and in Engineering Education (PhD). Homero has 15 years of international experience working in industry and academia. His research focuses on contemporary and inclusive pedagogical practices, industry-driven competency development in engineering, and understanding the experiences of Latinx and Native Americans in engineering from an asset-based perspective. Homero has been recognized as a Diggs Teaching Scholar, a Graduate Academy for Teaching Excellence Fellow, a Diversity Scholar, a Fulbright Scholar, and was inducted in the Bouchet Honor Society.

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Abstract

The engineering practice is becoming dynamic in nature, increasing in complexity, enhancing in connectivity, and growing in need for convergence among disciplines. Given the shift in the nature of problems and solutions, there is an opportunity within Systems Engineering for transforming into a transdisciplinary discipline. According to Rousseau [1], transdisciplinarity can be used as a powerful problem-solving technique that brings in patterns and perspectives by crossing disciplinary boundaries and creating a holistic approach. Extending this definition, transdisciplinarity in systems engineering would mean going beyond the traditional “engineering involvement” to identifying and involving stakeholders from various disciplines with different worldviews to accomplish key fundamental principles of systems engineering. In response to these opportunities, several competency frameworks have been developed, however they have not been updated in several years based on the evolving role of systems engineer, the engineering practice, and aligning with the growing transdisciplinarity of the field. In particular, academic and industry leaders have not agreed on what important teamwork competencies are necessary to comprehend the transformation in the systems engineering discipline. Furthermore, research is required on how to effectively develop teamwork within the systems engineering competency framework to adapt to transdisciplinary systems engineering. The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the literature to obtain a comprehensive understanding of how teamwork has been used or proposed as a competency in the systems engineering competency-based frameworks in order to align with the transformation of the discipline. More specifically, the research question guiding this study is: What aspects of teamwork have been proposed or studied in systems engineering competency-based frameworks as part of the transformation of the systems engineering discipline? We analyzed sources from several engineering databases including book chapters, journals and conference papers using “Teamwork”, “Teamwork competency” and “Systems Engineering” as our initial search term, for a period of at least 5 years. The final synthesis of our systematic review which involved identifying important key teamwork attributes necessary to develop effective teamwork required to align with the transdisciplinary transformation of the systems engineering discipline. The results of the systematic review yielded key themes on teamwork which have been proposed for comprehending the change in systems engineering discipline. Furthermore, when these results are combined with our previous work on teamwork, we are able to conclude that this study will provide valuable insights to both academia and industry in the understanding of teamwork skills development processes in order to prepare the future engineering workforce and in the development of the curriculum for the systems engineering education vision 2030. [1] D. Rousseau, “Systems Research and the Quest for Scientific Systems Principles,” Systems, vol. 5, no. 2, p. 25, 2017.

Chowdhury, T. M., & Bhaduri, S., & Murzi, H. (2021, July), Understanding the Development of Teamwork Competency to Comprehend the Transformation in Systems Engineering discipline Paper presented at 2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual Conference. https://peer.asee.org/37966

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