June 26, 2011
June 26, 2011
June 29, 2011
K-12 & Pre-College Engineering
22.1647.1 - 22.1647.7
Using the principles of manual training to perform S.T.E.M. outreach for urban youthToday, more so than ever, educators are required to facilitate the knowledge and skills necessaryfor the future workforce of an ever-increasing technologically advanced society. The foundationfor these skills can be found in the principles of science, technology, engineering andmathematics. However, facilitating these fundamentals without application will not serve toeducate the entire child.In order to make courses laden with science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)intriguing for middle school children, secondary technology educators should considerpromoting the creative and critical thinking processes by applying the theoretical principles ofSTEM with active knowledge assignments. Assignments that require a tactile-kinestheticcomponent to the psychomotor educational domain will facilitate the hands-on approach tolearning by doing. This structure will support the cognitive learning necessary for success in thestudent’s academic and professional career.This is not a new concept, according to Scott, Sarkees-Wircenski (1996); the manual trainingmovement began in 1878 at Washington University Polytechnic in St. Louis, Missouri. It wasthere that Professor Calvin Woodward implemented a program of manual training forengineering students so they would be more versed in the application of engineering principlesthrough the use of tools and machines. Professor Woodward truly believed in manual activity asa way to enhance the general education concepts found in science, technology, engineering, andmathematics (STEM).This paper will detail an outreach effort that has been conducted by Pittsburg State University forthe past three summers using the LEGO Robotic Invention System, as well as hands-on activitiesdealing with applications in the fields of construction and plastics manufacturing. Data has beengathered and will be shared concerning the effect this effort has had on the participants and theireducational goals.
Murray, G., & Winzer, R. (2011, June), Using the Principles of Manual Training to Perform STEM Outreach for Urban Youth Paper presented at 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC. 10.18260/1-2--18775
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