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Using Time More Efficiently: Converting an Interview Protocol to a Survey

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2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


New Orleans, Louisiana

Publication Date

June 26, 2016

Start Date

June 26, 2016

End Date

June 29, 2016





Conference Session

Chemical Engineering Division Poster Session

Tagged Division

Chemical Engineering

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Paper Authors


Paul B. Golter Washington State University Orcid 16x16

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Paul B. Golter obtained an M.S. and Ph.D. from Washington State University and made the switch from Instructional Laboratory Supervisor to Post-Doctoral Research Associate on an engineering education project. His research area has been engineering education, specifically around the development and assessment of technologies to bring fluid mechanics and heat transfer laboratory experiences into the classroom.

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Olusola Adesope Washington State University

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Dr. Olusola O. Adesope is an Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology at Washington State University, Pullman. His research is at the intersection of educational psychology, learning sciences, and instructional design and technology. His recent research focuses on the cognitive and pedagogical underpinnings of learning with computer-based multimedia resources; knowledge representation through interactive concept maps; meta-analysis of empirical research, and investigation of instructional principles and assessments in STEM.

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Bernard J. Van Wie Washington State University

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Prof. Bernard J. Van Wie received his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D., and did his postdoctoral work at the University of Oklahoma where he also taught as a visiting lecturer. He has been on the Washington State University faculty for 33 years and for the past 18 years has focused on innovative pedagogy research and technical research in biotechnology. His 2007-2008 Fulbright exchange to Nigeria set the stage for him to receive the Marian Smith Award given annually to the most innovative teacher at Washington State University.

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Interviews are an effective method for determining student misconceptions and depth of understanding, however an interview is very time consuming both to implement and analyze. A researcher is left with the choice between applying an interview protocol broadly, but lacking time for other assessments [1]; or interviewing a subset and gaining a more limited picture of student understanding [2]. An alternative is to convert the interview to a survey consisting of open-ended questions that probe the same areas. This study is part of a large engineering education program of research that examines a method to correct student misconceptions in fluid mechanics and heat transfer by the classroom addition of hands-on learning activities designed to challenge misconceptions. In this paper, we will report on the conversion, to a survey protocol, of an interview protocol designed to determine student misconceptions regarding Chemical Engineering Fluid Mechanics. By utilizing an electronically administered survey, researchers can increase the number of respondents or participants in comparison to limited interviews. In addition, researchers can eliminate transcription errors and reduce the time required to collect, manage, and analyze the data. The benefits come at a cost of flexibility, in that the researcher is unable to dynamically ask probing follow-up questions to illuminate a point. This will be mitigated by supplementing the survey with small number of interviews targeted at key topics as determined by analysis of the survey data. This survey protocol is currently being developed, and will be implemented and refined during a spring semester junior-level Chemical Engineering course. Thereafter, we will examine the degree to which our survey protocol was able to leverage the benefits explicated above. This paper will report on the results, and provide practical implications for researchers on performing a similar conversion.

1. Brown, S., et al., Effectiveness of an interactive learning environment utilizing a physical model. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Pracice, 2014. 140(3). 2. Burgher, J.K., et al. Comparing Misconceptions in Fluid Mechanics Using Interview Analysis Pre and Post Hands-on Learning Module Treatment. in American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference3. 2014. Indianapolis, IN.

Golter, P. B., & Adesope, O., & Van Wie, B. J. (2016, June), Using Time More Efficiently: Converting an Interview Protocol to a Survey Paper presented at 2016 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, New Orleans, Louisiana. 10.18260/p.27170

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