June 15, 2014
June 15, 2014
June 18, 2014
Community Engagement Division
24.1364.1 - 24.1364.12
Volunteering in earthquake disaster program: Engineering students’ perceptions and motivationsA major devastating earthquake is predicted to shake Lebanon in the near future leading toextensive damage and national tragedy. To effectively mitigate the cataclysmic effects of suchlooming disaster, effective mitigation, preparedness and response strategies relying ongovernment resources, community engagement and volunteering programs is crucially essential.The objective of this study is to investigate the intentions of engineering students to volunteer inan earthquake disaster program. The theoretical framework for this study is drawn from theTheory of Reasoned Action (TRA) that was developed to examine the relationship betweenattitudes and behavior. Behavior intention indicates the amount of effort an individual would liketo commit to perform such behavior and is determined by attitudes and subjective norms. Anattitude refers to the individual’s perception toward specific behavior. The subjective norms referto the individual’s perception that people who are important to him believe that he shouldperform such a behavior. Four hundred thirty seven engineering students at several universitiesin Lebanon completed a survey evaluating a set of 19 items on a scale of 5 that reflect the keys ofthe TRA to evaluate students’ intentions and motivations to volunteer in an earthquake disasterprogram. An Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was employed and generated five factors thatwere named: learning attitude, social attitude, altruistic attitude, extrinsic attitude and subjectivenorms. These factors generated five variables that were computed based on the mean of the itemsfalling under each factor. In order to compare the factors as rated by users, one-way repeatedmeasures ANOVA was applied on the five variables and showed the learning attitude as thehighest rated by participants (µ= 3.84),, followed by altruistic attitude (µ= 3.71), extrinsicattitude (µ= 3.38), social attitude (µ= 3.27) and subjective norms (µ= 2.78). Post Hoc tests usingBonferroni technique indicated significance between the all factors except between the social andextrinsic attitudes that have close values. Such results suggest that engineering students aremostly driven by learning endeavors and altruistic motives to enroll in an earthquake disasterprogram. The current piece of research contributes to knowledge in the field of disaster riskeducation and shed light on how to engage engineering students in such a national cause.
Baytiyeh, H., & Naja, M. K. (2014, June), Volunteering in Earthquake Disaster Programs: Engineering Students’ Perceptions and Motivations Paper presented at 2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana. 10.18260/1-2--23297
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2014 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015