June 14, 2015
June 14, 2015
June 17, 2015
26.101.1 - 26.101.17
Maker Spaces and Pedagogy: A Review of University Maker SpacesThe Engineer of 2020 recognizes that creativity, invention, and innovation are indispensablequalities for engineering. 1 Engineers need opportunities to begin to develop these critical skillsduring their education. These skills are not inherent and fixed, but rather can be fostered.Unfortunately with limited resources and time, adding innovation-fostering experiences toalready over-packed curriculums seems to be an insurmountable challenge.Well-designed maker spaces have the potential to enhance students’ deep learning of engineeringby supplementing the traditional curriculum with non-linear, open-ended, student-driven projectsthat require hands-on designing, prototyping, modeling, and testing. Many universities are in theprocess of building and expanding their student design spaces. These spaces go well beyond thetraditional machine shop by integrating typical machine tools with a wider variety of rapidprototyping and low-tech building approaches while simultaneously providing meeting space forstudent design teams to foster supportive cultures. Some research has begun on maker spacesoutside the university, 2 but studies have yet to determine the impacts and best practicesassociated with university maker spaces. We believe that university maker spaces will increasestudent retention as well as improve students’ engineering innovation skills, confidence and deeptechnical knowledge of engineering.This paper will present a review of university maker spaces compiling operational models (e.g.,student-run, lab technician-run, faculty-run), pedagogical integration (e.g., capstone requiringuse of Maker Spaces), and administrative details (e.g., budgeting, safety, and oversight). Basedon this review of university maker spaces, a discussion will describe common trends, advancesand innovations, and perceived benefits to the university community. The goal of this paper is tocreate a baseline of current state-of-the-art with respect to university maker spaces. 1 National Academy of Engineering, 2002, The Engineer of 2020: Visions of Engineering in the New Century. 2 Lande, M., Jordan, S.S., and Nelson, J., 2013, Defining Makers Making: Emergent Practice and EmergentMeanings. ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Atlanta, GA.
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