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A Scale Dynamic Model for Fire Protection Education

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2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Vancouver, BC

Publication Date

June 26, 2011

Start Date

June 26, 2011

End Date

June 29, 2011



Conference Session

Multidisciplinary Poster Session

Tagged Division

Multidisciplinary Engineering

Page Count


Page Numbers

22.96.1 - 22.96.15



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Paper Authors


Ahmed Cherif Megri University of Wyoming

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Dr. Ahmed Cherif Megri, associate professor of architectural engineering at the University of Wyoming (UW), teaches several HVAC and energy courses. Dr. Megri is also teaching a course titled “Comprehensive Performance of Building Envelope and HVAC Systems” for Summer School at UW, and “Smoke and Fire Dynamics” during summer session at Concordia University, Canada. His research areas include airflow modeling, zonal modeling, energy modeling, and artificial intelligence modeling using the support vector machine learning approach.
Prior to his actual position at UW, he was an assistant professor and the director of Architectural Engineering Program at Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT). He was responsible for developing the current architectural engineering undergraduate and master’s programs at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT). During his stay at IIT, he taught fundamental engineering courses, such as thermodynamics and heat transfer, as well as design courses, such as HVAC, energy, plumbing, fire protection and lighting. Also, he supervise many courses in the frame of interprofessional projects program (IPRO).

In few months, Dr. Megri will defend his “Habilitation” (HDR) degree at Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris VI, Sorbonne Universities.

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A SCALE DYNAMIC MODEL FOR FIRE PROTECTION EDUCATIONThis project was performed in a capstone design course. The objective of this paper is todemonstrate the design and construction of a 3-D scale model for downtown Chicago. The modelwill be used to simulate and test the effectiveness of fire defense strategies to address fire orother catastrophes related to public health and safety. This model includes streets, buildings andother detailed information that will help the Chicago Fire Department in planning interventions,considering various scenarios and case studies.The model was built in phases, with the overall design incorporating a sophisticated, computer-driven illumination scheme built within the model base, thus allowing the model to be able todisplay animated scenarios of virtually any depth and focus, by means of time-varying color andbrightness. CAD Computer-generated images and laser-cutting methods were the primarymethods of design and construction for the model, but hand craftsmanship is also necessary.The completed model is fully modular, designed to transport easily between various facilities.The usefulness of the model fulfilled many of the needs of the Chicago Fire Department and Cityof Chicago as an educational tool within the fire department and for community outreach.This project included: (1) Identification of the scale, materials, technologies, and strategies forconstruction; (2) Physical mapping and computer modeling of the downtown built environment;(3) Design of the physical model and computer/electronic components; and (4) Construction of areduced-area mock-up for final review and approval by the City of Chicago.We discuss the capstone design program from students’ point of view, and the experience earnedin design, model making and the use of different laser-cutting machines, and also in written andoral communication skills. Methodology used to evaluate the effectiveness of the capstonedesign program in term of learning outcomes is also described.

Megri, A. C. (2011, June), A Scale Dynamic Model for Fire Protection Education Paper presented at 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC. 10.18260/1-2--17378

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