June 26, 2011
June 26, 2011
June 29, 2011
22.96.1 - 22.96.15
A SCALE DYNAMIC MODEL FOR FIRE PROTECTION EDUCATIONThis project was performed in a capstone design course. The objective of this paper is todemonstrate the design and construction of a 3-D scale model for downtown Chicago. The modelwill be used to simulate and test the effectiveness of fire defense strategies to address fire orother catastrophes related to public health and safety. This model includes streets, buildings andother detailed information that will help the Chicago Fire Department in planning interventions,considering various scenarios and case studies.The model was built in phases, with the overall design incorporating a sophisticated, computer-driven illumination scheme built within the model base, thus allowing the model to be able todisplay animated scenarios of virtually any depth and focus, by means of time-varying color andbrightness. CAD Computer-generated images and laser-cutting methods were the primarymethods of design and construction for the model, but hand craftsmanship is also necessary.The completed model is fully modular, designed to transport easily between various facilities.The usefulness of the model fulfilled many of the needs of the Chicago Fire Department and Cityof Chicago as an educational tool within the fire department and for community outreach.This project included: (1) Identification of the scale, materials, technologies, and strategies forconstruction; (2) Physical mapping and computer modeling of the downtown built environment;(3) Design of the physical model and computer/electronic components; and (4) Construction of areduced-area mock-up for final review and approval by the City of Chicago.We discuss the capstone design program from students’ point of view, and the experience earnedin design, model making and the use of different laser-cutting machines, and also in written andoral communication skills. Methodology used to evaluate the effectiveness of the capstonedesign program in term of learning outcomes is also described.
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