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Applications Of A Real Time Digital Simulator In Power System Education And Research

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Collection

2009 Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Austin, Texas

Publication Date

June 14, 2009

Start Date

June 14, 2009

End Date

June 17, 2009

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Alternative-energy Laboratory Experiences

Tagged Division

Energy Conversion and Conservation

Page Count

10

Page Numbers

14.226.1 - 14.226.10

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/5590

Download Count

773

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Paper Authors

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Anurag Srivastava Mississippi State University

biography

Noel Schulz Mississippi State University

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Noel N. Schulz received her B.S.E.E. and M.S.E.E. degrees from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in 1988 and 1990, respectively. She received her Ph.D. in EE from the University of Minnesota in 1995. From July 2001 through August 2009 she was on the faculty of the ECE department at Mississippi State University and her last position was the TVA Professor of Power Systems Engineering. Starting in August, 2009 she will be the Paslay Professor in the ECE Department at Kansas State University. Noel serves on the ASEE Board of Directors as the PIC IV Chair from 2008-2010. She has also been active in the IEEE Power & Energy Society and served as Secretary for 2004-2007 and Treasurer for 2008-2009.

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Abstract
NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Applications of Real Time Digital Simulator in Power System Education and Research

Abstract

Students often perceive power engineering as an old or established field. This perception lies in the inability to show abstract concepts and new control technologies using hardware in the classroom or laboratory. New ways to effectively present the novel power system operation and control concepts are needed. Real Time Modeling and Simulation (RTMS) can be used as an approach for enhancing power engineering education and research. RTMS gives students and researchers the opportunity to witness first hand how a moderately large power system behaves and can be used to demonstrate modeling, hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) concepts, system disturbances of various types, and proper recovery actions, as well as to explain complex power system concepts. The Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS) is an effective tool for modeling and simulation of power and control systems. RTDS hardware employs high-speed DSP (digital signal processor) chips, operating in parallel, to compute simulation results with simulation step sizes as small as two microseconds. This paper discusses projects and activities used in both teaching and research activities to provide exposure of the Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS) for power system applications.

Introduction

The approach to teaching traditional power system topics needs to be revisited to ensure that the new graduates are equipped with the required knowledge needed in a more competitive industry. Also these new pedagogical approaches need to renew interest in power engineering to match with increasing demands for power engineering graduates in the coming years. Restructuring and deregulation of the power industry, recent blackouts and discussions about smart grids are helping to reinvigorate interest and provide increased attention to careers in power engineering. Investigating new approaches to teach power engineering courses was encouraged by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1997 by soliciting educational research projects targeted at developing innovative teaching tools in this area. Several grants from the funding agency were used to enhance undergraduate and graduate studies and research in energy systems1. Modeling and simulation emerged as one of the preferred teaching approaches based on several educational research studies done in the literature2.

A project aimed at developing computer exercises for use in teaching undergraduate and graduate courses in the power engineering area is described in reference3. An extensive use of the simulation technology to enhance a student’s understanding of the fundamentals including practical solutions has been discussed4,5. The authors have pointed out that current power engineering education has been influenced greatly by the difficulty of fully analyzing the large and complex power system, which is relatively inflexible in terms of adopting new technology developments. Power faculty are faced with a difficult choice between presenting small problems that students can grasp versus larger problems based on simulations which exhibit the true nature of the power system, but tend to overwhelm the student. The solution lies in exposing the

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