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Board 137: Critical Thinking Skills in Non-calculus Ready First-year Engineering Students

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Conference

2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Tampa, Florida

Publication Date

June 15, 2019

Start Date

June 15, 2019

End Date

June 19, 2019

Conference Session

NSF Grantees Poster Session

Tagged Topic

NSF Grantees Poster Session

Page Count

7

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/32247

Download Count

12

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Paper Authors

biography

Lizzie Santiago West Virginia University

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Lizzie Y. Santiago, Ph.D., is a Teaching Associate Professor in the Benjamin M. Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources. She holds a Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering and has postdoctoral training in neural tissue engineering and molecular neurosciences. She teaches freshman engineering courses and supports the outreach and recruiting activities of the college. Her research interests include neural tissue engineering, stem cell research, attrition and university retention, increasing student awareness and interest in research and engineering, STEM education, critical thinking skills, and recruitment and retention of women and minorities.

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biography

Anika Coolbaugh Pirkey Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center

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Anika Pirkey currently works as a Chemical Engineer in the Pilot Plant Division of the Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center (MATRIC) in South Charleston, West Virginia. She graduated Summa Cum Laude with a BSChE and BME Certificate in 2017 from West Virginia University (WVU) and will begin the doctoral program in Chemical Engineering at WVU in Fall 2019. While obtaining her undergraduate degree, Mrs. Pirkey worked with the Fundamentals of Engineering Program as a tutor, mentor, teaching assistant, and undergraduate researcher focusing on increasing retention rates of non-calculus ready first year engineering students. Other publications to which she has contributed include "Introducing First Year Engineering Students to Engineering Reasoning" and "Critical Thinking Skills in First Year Engineering Students" presented at the Annual ASEE Conferences in 2017 and 2016 respectively.

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biography

Mustapha Alao Animashaun West Virginia University

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NAME
Animashaun,Mustapha Alao POSITION TITLE
Phd Student at West Virginia
eRA COMMONS USER NAME
Animashaun

INSTITUTION AND LOCATION DEGREE YEAR(s) FIELD OF STUDY
King Fahd University of Petrol. & Minerals, KSA M.S 2014 Petroleum Engineering
Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria B.S 2008 Mechanical Engineering

A. Honors
2014 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Merit Scholarship for Graduates
2007 Agip-Texaco Scholarships for Nigerian Undergraduates

B. Publications

1. S. M. Shakil Hussain, Mustapha Alao Animashaun, Muhammad Shahzad Kamal,Nisar Ullah, Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein, Abdullah S. Sultan (2016). Synthesis, Characterization and Surface Properties of Amidosulfobetaine Surfactants bearing odd-number hydrophobic tail, Journal of Surfactant and Detergents: doi: 10.1007/s11743-016-1788-9
2. Sultan, A.S., Animashaun, M., Hussein, I. A. (2015). Influence of Nanoadditives on the Thermal and Rheological Properties of Viscoelastic Surfactants Used in Matrix Acidizing, presented at 2015 AIChE Annual Meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah,USA. November 8-13.

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biography

Melissa Lynn Morris West Virginia University

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Melissa Morris is currently a Teaching Associate Professor for the Freshman Engineering Program, in the Benjamin M. Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources at West Virginia University (WVU). She graduated Summa cum Laude with a BSME in 2006, earned a MSME in 2008, and completed her doctorate in mechanical engineering in 2011, all from WVU. At WVU, she has previously served as the Undergraduate and Outreach Advisor for the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering department and the Assistant Director of the Center for Building Energy Efficiency. She has previously taught courses such as Thermodynamics, Thermal Fluids Laboratory, and Guided Missiles Systems, as well as serving as a Senior Design Project Advisor for Mechanical Engineering Students. Her research interests include energy and thermodynamic related topics. Since 2007 she has been actively involved in recruiting and outreach for the Statler College, as part of this involvement Dr. Morris frequently makes presentations to groups of K-12 students, as well as perspective WVU students and their families.

Dr. Morris was selected as a Statler College Outstanding Teacher for 2012, the WVU Honors College John R. Williams Outstanding Teacher for 2012, and the 2012 Statler College Teacher of the Year.

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Abstract

Critical thinking is defined as the skill of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a purpose to advance it. It is reflective thinking focused on determining what to believe and do. Critical thinking is essential for students’ success in college. Several reports have been published regarding the lack of proper implementation of critical thinking in college instruction. According to several peer-reviewed studies, students are graduating from college without knowing how to differentiate between facts and opinions, without being able to present clear arguments, and without being able to evaluate a situation in an objective manner.

This NSF-IUSE sponsored project evaluated the critical thinking skills of seventy-seven first semester engineering students that were enrolled in a land-grant institution in the mid-Atlantic Region. All students were enrolled in College Algebra at the time of the study. Students completed a critical thinking assessment test (CAT) that assessed students’ ability to evaluate information, to think creatively, to solve problems, and to communicate information. The Paul-Elder critical thinking theory provided a framework to evaluate students’ reasoning skills using intellectual standards and elements of thought. This paper will present an analysis of the critical thinking skills of these students. This paper will be of benefit to all institutions searching for methods to implement critical thinking in their courses.

Santiago, L., & Pirkey, A. C., & Animashaun, M. A., & Morris, M. L. (2019, June), Board 137: Critical Thinking Skills in Non-calculus Ready First-year Engineering Students Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. https://peer.asee.org/32247

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