June 20, 2010
June 20, 2010
June 23, 2010
Educational Research and Methods
15.423.1 - 15.423.16
Development of Parents’ Engineering Awareness Survey (PEAS) According to the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Framework
With increased interest in promoting engineering as a field of study and career pathway to both college and pre-college student, it is important to understand the many factors that impact students’ learning and decision-making processes. In this paper, one of the important environmental factors surrounding students was selected as a main research subject: parents and other similar caregivers. Parents play a significant role in mediating between teachers and students as well as motivating children’s interest in engineering. To better understand the influence of parents in children’s engineering education, it is important to have a proper assessment tool for measuring parents’ engineering awareness. However, while many researchers have acknowledged the importance of parental involvement, no suitable instrument exists to be used for parents (and other caregivers). The main aim of this study is to develop and empirically validate an instrument which assesses parents’ knowledge of, attitudes towards, and behavior related to engineering education. This paper will present a rigorous instrument development model and an example of how this model has been applied. Additionally, the paper presents an example of an instrument that captures the three aspects of learning represented in the KAB framework: knowledge, attitude and behavior.
Engineering has been facing challenges due to a highdrop-rate amongstcollege students in the United States despite an increased market demand for engineers and engineering professionals.1,2 One response to this challenge has been an emphasis on engineering education for pre-college students, as this can play a pivotal role in motivating children into engineering.3 In other words, students’ engineering education experience in pre-college school is a predictor of pursuit and success of engineering degrees in college.4, 5 According to the National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council (2009)6, engineering education in K-12 schools poses potential benefits overall to students since engineering improves learning and achievement in other subjects, such as mathematics and science. Also, it helps students better understand engineeringand, thus, there is an opportunity for an increase in the number of students pursuing engineering. Indeed, engineering is the practical application of science, mathematics, and technology to solve problems by proceeding better lives for humans. Despite of the importance of engineering, many students, unfortunately, perceive engineering as a challenging area and even misunderstand the concept of engineering.7Here, some questions might be raised: what makes students perceive engineering as a difficult major? and What sources of information give students that impression?
Answers for these questions might be detected by considering factors surrounding students. Environmental factors, such as parents, peers, and teachers, affect students’ educational aspiration and occupational interests. Among these factors, parental involvement highly influences both students and teachers.8, 9 Many researchers in science and engineering education
Yun, J., & Cardella, M., & Purzer, S., & Hsu, M., & Chae, Y. (2010, June), Development Of The Parents’ Engineering Awareness Survey (Peas) According To The Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behavior Framework Paper presented at 2010 Annual Conference & Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky. https://peer.asee.org/16293
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