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Energy Harvesting from Air Conditioning Condensers with the Use of Piezoelectric Devices

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Conference

2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Seattle, Washington

Publication Date

June 14, 2015

Start Date

June 14, 2015

End Date

June 17, 2015

ISBN

978-0-692-50180-1

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

ECCD Innovations in Energy Engineering & Technology

Tagged Division

Energy Conversion and Conservation

Page Count

14

Page Numbers

26.599.1 - 26.599.14

DOI

10.18260/p.23937

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/23937

Download Count

208

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Paper Authors

biography

Faruk Yildiz Sam Houston State University

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Faruk Yildiz is currently an Associate Professor of
Engineering Technology at Sam Houston State University.
His primary teaching areas are in Electronics,
Computer Aided Design (CAD), and Alternative Energy Systems. Research interests include: low power energy
harvesting systems, renewable energy technologies
and education

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biography

Ulan Dakeev University of Michigan, Flint

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Dr. Ulan Dakeev is currently a faculty of mechanical engineering at the University of Michigan-Flint. His areas of research include renewable energy (wind energy), quality in higher education, motivation, and engagement of students.

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biography

Kenan Baltaci University of Wisconsin, Stout

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Kenan Baltaci is an Assistant Professor at University of Wisconsin-Stout, in the Electrical Engineering
Technology Department. He received B.S. in electrical engineering degree from Istanbul Technical University
in Turkey. Following, a master’s degree and doctoral degree in industrial technology was granted
from University of Northern Iowa.

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author page

Keith L. Coogler Sam Houston State University

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Abstract

Energy Harvesting with Piezoelectric Devices through Air Conditioning CondensersPiezoelectric energy harvesting is a method that alters mechanical energy into electrical energyby straining a piezoelectric material. Strain or deformation of a piezoelectric material causescharge separation across the device, producing an electric field, and resulting in a voltage dropproportional to the stress applied. The oscillating system is typically a cantilever beam structurewith a mass at the unattached end of the lever, since it provides higher strain for a given inputforce. The voltage produced varies with time and strain, effectively producing an irregular ACsignal on the average. Piezoelectric energy conversion produces relatively higher voltage andpower density levels than an electromagnetic system. If the piezoelectric material is not shortcircuited, the applied mechanical stress induces a voltage across the material. Basically,vibrations can be converted to electricity using a piezoelectric effect. The most common type ofdevice used to scavenge vibration energy is a cantilever piezoelectric device, which generateselectricity by bending, shaking, and deforming.Several on-campus air conditioning units are used to determine potential sources of waste energyfound in an air conditioning condenser unit and energy harvesting methods are devised. Thesemethods of energy harvesting are called vibration and airflow-driven energy harvesting usingpiezoelectric devices. The objective is to generate power from the exhaust airflow (analogous tojet engine afterburners, but on a much smaller scale). For the piezoelectric device, the idea is tomake the device vibrate to generate power.Students and faculty in a engineering technology program studied air conditioning units todetermine potential sources of waste energy. Measurements are made to determine operationaltime based on seasons, vibration levels, and exhaust fan flow from a condenser. This study usedtwo different sizes of condenser units. Measurements were taken and compared to calculatedpotential power to be harvested from the condenser. This undergraduate research project is oneof several campus-wide efforts to promote energy conservation and to investigate the use ofclean renewable energy resources. All the steps, analysis, and student involvement and outcomeswill be detailed in the paper and presentation.

Yildiz, F., & Dakeev, U., & Baltaci, K., & Coogler, K. L. (2015, June), Energy Harvesting from Air Conditioning Condensers with the Use of Piezoelectric Devices Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.23937

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