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Engineering Capacity Building In Latin America

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Conference

2006 Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Chicago, Illinois

Publication Date

June 18, 2006

Start Date

June 18, 2006

End Date

June 21, 2006

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Engineering Education & Capacity Building in Developing Countries

Tagged Division

International

Page Count

13

Page Numbers

11.550.1 - 11.550.13

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/171

Download Count

33

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Paper Authors

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Lueny Morell Hewlett-Packard

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LUENY MORELL, M.S., P.E., is a member of the University Relations staff of the Hewlett Packard Company. She is responsible for relations with universities throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. Before joining HP, Lueny was full professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Puerto Rico - Mayagüez where she held positions at the Campus and UPR system level, including director of the UPRM R&D Center. Recipient of the 2006 US National Academy of Engineering Bernard M. Gordon award, her work in curriculum, research, accreditation and economic development activities has been published in more than 40 papers, book chapters and journals.

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Alice Abreu OAS

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ALICE ABREU, PhD, former Director of the Organization for American States (OAS) Office of Science, Technology and Education.

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Marta Cehelsky InterAmerican Development Bank

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MARTA CEHELSKY is Senior Adviser for Science And Technology in the Department of Sustainable Development of the InterAmerican Development Bank, where she has spearheaded a initiatiative to strengthen the effectiveness of the Bank’s S&T. Previously, Dr. Cehelsky served as Executive Officer of the Presidentially appointed National Science Board, responsible for policy of the National Science Foundation and for advising the US President and Congress on national science and technology. She served in a number of senior policy positions at NSF, NASA, and on the staff of Senator Ernest Hollings (D-SC). She was a member of the faculty of Brooklyn College, CUNY and the University of Houston and holds a doctorate from Columbia University in political science.

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Teofilo Ramos Instituto Tecnologico de Monterrey

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Daniel Marcek

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DAN MARCEK, Deputy Director of HP University Relations, is responsible for development of HP strategy for and engagement with select university partners worldwide. Dan has been involved in managing HP university relationships since 1997 and is responsible for a wide range of institutions – from small, Ivy-league campuses to some of the nation’s largest publics. He is also focused on exploring international opportunities for partnership among government, industry, academia, and NGO’s to develop higher education systems, based on quality assurance mechanisms, that foster systemic improvements that create new business opportunities for HP.

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Russel Jones World Expertise LLC

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RUSSEL C. JONES is a private consultant, working through World Expertise LLC to offer services in engineering education in the international arena. Prior to that, he had a long career in education: faculty member at MIT, department chair in civil engineering at Ohio State University, dean of engineering at University of Massachusetts, academic vice president at Boston University, and President at University of Delaware.

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Luiz Scavarda Do Carmo Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro

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LUIZ C. SCAVARDA DO CARMO is Vice Rector of the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio). He received his BS degree on telecommunicaton his PhD degree in Physics and has publsihed more than 50 scientific and engineering articles. Prof. Scavarda was Dean of Engineering and Natural Sciences of PUC-Rio and has devoted part of his time to support and dvelopt the Engineer of the Americas initiative.

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John Spencer Microsoft Corp.

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JOHN D. SPENCER, Manager, Microsoft Research, External Research & Programs has the responsibility for strategic initiatives in the area of software engineering and secure software development worldwide. John was the lead manager in establishing Microsoft’s university relations program in Latin America and is currently involved in those strategic initiatives. Over the past several years his responsibilities has been to partner with top tier institutions and government organizations worldwide, and to promote research, innovation, and academic excellence.

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Jorge Yutronic Conicyt - Chile

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Abstract
NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Engineering Capacity Building in Latin America

Abstract

The widening, intensifying, speeding up, and growing impact of worldwide interconnectedness, better known as globalization is forcing countries and regions develop strategies to enhance their economies to better compete worldwide. Science, technology, engineering and innovation play a fundamental role in the creation of wealth, economic development and in the improvement of the quality of life for all citizens. This paper addresses the role of capacity building and engineering education as foundations to develop national/regional economic development strategies in Latin America. Contributors from various sectors (academia, non-governmental organizations, industry and government) share their roles, viewpoints and perspectives.

Introduction

There are many definitions of globalization. It can be thought as the process in which geographic distance becomes a factor of diminishing importance in the establishment and maintenance of cross-border economic, political, and socio-cultural relations or it can be thought of as the widening, intensifying, speeding up, and growing impact of worldwide interconnectedness [1]. But regardless of definitions, most agree that globalization has fundamentally transformed economies around the world. In this era, economic networks rather than political boundaries are the building blocks of prosperity and change.

In the World is Flat, Tom Friedman [3] suggests how the world is in its 3rd globalization wave, one that is governed by people and communications. He states that the flattening of the world happened at the dawn of the twenty-first century, and that countries, communities, individuals governments and societies can, and must, adapt to the challenges that this ‘flat world” presents. Thus, globalization is making both developed countries and those in development think about effective and efficient strategies that will advance their economic and social development agendas. Many countries around the world have made significant strides in the past ten years in laying the foundations for market economies and democratic societies to flourish. For many of them, that progress is now recognized worldwide. Countries like Taiwan, Singapore, and Ireland come to mind.

Economic Development and Knowledge-Based Economies

Economists and social scientists agree that economic development is a concept that is not easy to define, but most would agree that is relates to the restructuring of an economy to enhance social and economic well-being of a community, region, state, or nation and its citizens [1]. Competing in global economy demands that policy makers understand a new geographic scope and the predominant new drivers of growth: innovation and entrepreneurship. Countries whose economies have embraced these drivers can be thought as knowledge-based economies. A knowledge based economy is one that employs a region’s knowledge and educational resources to gain economic advantage across the whole value chain in the global economy. Thus, building

Morell, L., & Abreu, A., & Cehelsky, M., & Ramos, T., & Marcek, D., & Jones, R., & Scavarda Do Carmo, L., & Spencer, J., & Yutronic, J. (2006, June), Engineering Capacity Building In Latin America Paper presented at 2006 Annual Conference & Exposition, Chicago, Illinois. https://peer.asee.org/171

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