June 20, 2010
June 20, 2010
June 23, 2010
15.489.1 - 15.489.14
Engineering Future Chemical Engineers: Incorporation of Process Intensification Concepts into the Undergraduate Curriculum. ABSTRACT
Process intensification (PI) encompasses a broad spectrum of activities focused on identifying fundamental limitations in a chemical production route, and developing or combining processes to minimize resource utilization and optimize product quality. Such activities are essential to industrial competitiveness as they can enhance safety, increase operating efficiency, lower energy usage, reduce capital costs, and/or reduce waste emissions and process hazards. Improving processes using PI concepts requires engineers to integrate many fundamental concepts and goes beyond traditional unit operations. Engineers are often taught how to synthesize a process by linking together standard unit operations, but are frequently not trained to synthesize processes through linking together fundamental concepts in new ways for novel and efficient process designs. This project seeks to correct this deficiency through the development of instructional modules for use in existing courses.
Four core chemical engineering courses are targeted: fluid flow operations, heat transfer operations, mass transfer operations, and chemical reactor design. Over the three-year CCLI project, activities/modules will be developed and incorporated into each of these courses, with each activity/module focusing on a particular element from the process intensification spectrum and designed to also enhance vertical concept integration. This poster presentation will focus on the activities and modules developed in Year 1.
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
The chemical industry faces numerous challenges in the coming years due to decreasing availability of raw material and energy resources. Thus, existing processes must operate in an efficient manner, with maximum yield of products from a fixed feedstock. Development and design of new chemical processes requires chemical engineers to sequence production steps to accomplish the necessary transformative steps taking the feed material and converting it in to a product or products with acceptable market value. The manner in which the conversion is accomplished may vary slightly from company to company; however, the traditional approach has been to sequence single-purpose unit operations to accomplish the conversion. This has been a very successful strategy in the past, and has been the model for instruction of chemical engineering design education.
In recent years, a paradigm has begun to emerge in the industry, whereby two or more steps in the production sequence are combined to yield a more energy efficient or more environmentally friendly process to accomplish multiple steps
Toghiani, R., & Minerick, A., & Walters, K., & Hill, P., & Hennington, C. (2010, June), Engineering Future Chemical Engineers: Incorporation Of Process Intensification Concepts Into The Undergraduate Curriculum Paper presented at 2010 Annual Conference & Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky. 10.18260/1-2--16774
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