June 22, 2008
June 22, 2008
June 25, 2008
Educational Research and Methods
13.544.1 - 13.544.22
The Intervention for Developing Ethical Awareness To promote an understanding of ethics, a core text was required, The Seven Layers of Integrity, by George Jones and June Ferrill.18 The authors propose that ethical dilemmas can be analyzed from the perspectives of 1) legal requirements, 2) contracts and agreements, 3) professional codes of ethics, 4) industry standards, 5) community standards, 6) personal relationships, and 7) moral and spiritual values. In this context, any ethical challenge must be evaluated from all seven perspectives, to assess ways in which the proposed (or actual) practices may violate ethical principles at one or more of the levels. It is understood (and included in the teaching) that a particular practice may be considered acceptable or ethical at one level but not at other levels; the very difficult challenge is to debate how to proceed when a practice is considered ethical at one or more levels but not at others. These analyses provide the most challenging situations.
The IIT IPRO Ethics Intervention Students were asked to read the core text. One of the book’s authors (June Ferrill) led a four-hour workshop on ethics and creating a code of ethics at IIT (during the pilot summer session, in the fall semester, and in the spring semester) and led a four- hour workshop on ethics and creating a code of ethics; this workshop was videotaped and made available on line at IIT and the other universities. Evaluations of the initial sessions at IIT suggested that they were valuable, but would be more valuable if the examples were drawn from problems more similar to those in which the students are involved; this modification was made for the spring semester. Students were required to complete a Knowledge Test covering the concepts in the required text and the workshop. All IPRO teams were required to prepare a Code of Ethics for their project – directed at the industry in which they were working, not their own team interactions. Instructions were distributed and posted on-line. Each team was asked to provide a major canon or Overarching Standard – “a standard you would want to always be applicable.” (Examples were provided from the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) and the American Medical Association (AMA). After developing the over-arching standard, they were to write a principle related to each of the seven layers. Each canon should describe the standards of conduct to which the individual or professional working in the problem context shall be held. The canon includes examples of how ethical behavior would be measured. Each canon must be supported by examples of pressures which describe in what ways a person may be tempted or pressured to act against the standards of behavior described in the canon, and risks, the unethical behavior that might result from the pressure.. Faculty leaders were required to sign off on the code of ethics to ensure that the submitted code of ethics is suited to the problem context of the IPRO problem assignment. These codes were evaluated using a rubric developed by IPRO research staff in consultation with Dr. Ferrill. Each of the required components were rated as 0 (nothing written or does not make sense), 1 (too general, missing information) or 2 (makes sense, sufficient information provided, possible measure identified). A total of 16 points was possible. Teams received feedback on their Codes prior to the end of the semester. IIT students were also informed that questions about their Code of Ethics – how it was developed, how it had shaped their project work – would be part of the final judging at the end of the semester. This provided an additional opportunity to understand the code by explaining it to professionals who had not been involved in creating the Code.
Huyck, M., & ferguson, D., & Howard, E., & Ferrill, J., & Getzler-Linn, L. (2008, June), Enhancing Ethical Awareness Within Undergraduate Multidisciplinary Teams By Preparing Codes Of Ethics Paper presented at 2008 Annual Conference & Exposition, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 10.18260/1-2--4442
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