Asee peer logo

Filtered Gender Diversity Pathways for Domestic and International Doctoral Graduates of United States Electrical Engineering (EE), Computer Engineering (CompE) and Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Programs

Download Paper |


2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Indianapolis, Indiana

Publication Date

June 15, 2014

Start Date

June 15, 2014

End Date

June 18, 2014



Conference Session

WIED: Medley

Tagged Division

Women in Engineering

Page Count


Page Numbers

24.604.1 - 24.604.13



Permanent URL

Download Count


Request a correction

Paper Authors


Keith J. Bowman Illinois Institute of Technology

visit author page

Keith J. Bowman became Professor and Chair of the Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering at Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) in August, 2011, immediately following nearly five years of experience leading the Purdue School of Materials Engineering as Interim Head and Head. His first faculty appointment was as an Assistant Professor at Purdue University in 1988 after receiving degrees from Case Western Reserve University (CWRU), (B.S. 1981, M.S. 1983) and the University of Michigan (Ph.D. 1987). He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1992, and then promoted to Professor in 1996. Keith Bowman served as a visiting professor and received Alexander von Humboldt stipends for research at the Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany in 1996 and again in 2002. He served as a visiting professor at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia in 2003. From 1996 to 2004 he served as graduate program chair of the Purdue School of Materials Engineering (MSE) during a substantial retooling of the program to more strongly emphasize doctoral degrees. In 2005-06 he served a one-year appointment as Interim Head of MSE and in 2007 was named Head of the Purdue School of Materials Engineering (MSE). He was named a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society in 2000, has held several division and society positions, including becoming a member of the Board of Directors in 2012. In ASME, known as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, he is a member of the executive committee of the mechanical engineering department heads and chairs (MEDHC). Awards at Purdue University include receiving the MSE Best Teaching Award in 1992 and 1995 and Purdue’s highest teaching award, the Charles Murphy Undergraduate Teaching Award in 1995. In 2003 Professor Bowman’s name was added to the Purdue Book of Great Teachers. In 2007 he received the Purdue College of Engineering Mentoring Award and he became a Professor of Engineering Education (by courtesy). In 2012 he was invested as the first Duchossois Leadership Professor in the IIT Armour College of Engineering.

visit author page

Download Paper |


Recent Gender Diversity Pathways for Domestic and International Doctoral Graduates of United States Electrical and Computer Engineering ProgramsDoctoral degree attainment on the way to a tenured faculty position involves a series ofsteps wherein the choice of discipline differs by gender and race at every level. Throughthe use of the ASEE database and other sources, this paper describes transitions along theengineering career pathway wherein domestic female and male electrical and computerengineering (ECE) undergraduate degree recipients have been producing a surprisingresult for the last several years: Domestic women have been completing ECE doctoratesat a much higher rate than are domestic men. Because examples of sustained success arefew even though the investment in research, programs and personnel has been substantial,it is important that we identify the factors associated with these outcomes and how theymight vary with disciplines and sub-disciplines. For ECE, there are differences ingraduate level gender diversity based on their designation as electrical engineering,computer engineering or electrical and computer engineering. Applying to graduateschool and persisting to complete a doctorate is most often motivated by interest andaptitude for research and academic careers. Undergraduate advising, undergraduateresearch participation and the availability and attractiveness of employment opportunitiesat the BS and MS level may all be relevant factors. Persistence to a doctorate can also bedependent on financial obligations, advising, personal life, family issues and theavailability of financial support. This paper will discuss the data in the context ofinstitution type, as well as program size, while also describing possible factors leading tothese outcomes and comparisons to other disciplines.  

Bowman, K. J. (2014, June), Filtered Gender Diversity Pathways for Domestic and International Doctoral Graduates of United States Electrical Engineering (EE), Computer Engineering (CompE) and Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Programs Paper presented at 2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana. 10.18260/1-2--20495

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2014 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015