June 20, 2010
June 20, 2010
June 23, 2010
15.618.1 - 15.618.20
GLOBAL CONSTRUCTION: INDIA Abstract:
In India, the majority of the residential buildings are constructed on a contract basis. Here, an owner who wishes to build signs an agreement with a contractor, taking specific requirements under consideration. Generally, a permit, house plan, structural design, and a contractor are required for construction. The legal permit states that, the owner is the legal heir of the property, and the plan of the buildings is approved by the local municipality.
Construction is continuously facing new demands and pressures. The impact of globalization, the advance of technology and cultural changes are just a few of the issues that are affecting the industry. Hence, construction around the world, both in developed and developing countries, is facing challenges created by these and numerous other issues. The identification of the issues is more critical for developing countries as they could assist in defining research and development efforts to address them more effectively.
In order to introduce the concept of global construction to university students, a seminar was developed to investigate the subject as well as that of green and sustainable construction. Numerous papers were written and presented at meetings of organizations such as the Texas Section of ASCE and the Gulf-Southwest Section of ASEE. Students were also requested, at times, to present at their finding in the Building Construction course. This has been found to be a good method to increase, in students, the level of knowledge associated with the global aspects of construction and civil engineering. Specifically, the items associated with Labor Intensive Construction which are discussed in a following section should be of interest.
Generally, after the plan is completed a contract agreement is signed by the contractor and the owner as shown, in part, in Figure 1 and the appendix. In this agreement the specifications regarding the building materials to be used, cost, and the mode of payment is given. The structural design is accomplished by a structural designer who determines the sizes of beams, columns, rebars and spacing. This data should be utilized by the contractor.
The most important phase is the construction of the building. Here, the owner or his representative should check the quality of the materials used by the contractor, the skill of the workers, and the curing of concrete. If the workers are skilled and the quality of work is good, the duration of construction work should generally be acceptable. Inspection of the building at different stages is done by the senior engineers. If any corrections are required they should be made quickly, so not to affect the progress of the construction work. Payment for any changes in the work other than the specified in the construction agreement is the responsibility of the owner  .
After the completion of the building, the payments are cleared, nevertheless, the contractor will generally be responsible for any problems six months after completion.
Koehn, E., & Kadupukotta, V., & Tirunagari, S. (2010, June), Global Construction: India Paper presented at 2010 Annual Conference & Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky. https://peer.asee.org/15874
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