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A classroom is more than just a room in which students learn class materials with their peers. It is a place as well in which class participants, both the students and instructor, interact with each other and develop their social relationships. This paper conducts a quantitative analysis of social relationship development activities and their influences on student performance in a construction management course. In this case study, social relationship development activities were defined as pedagogical methods to engage students as an alternative to the traditional lecture format. The students evaluated a total of six social relationship development activities with respect to their learning experience. The social relationship development activities were an icebreaker game, individual meetings with the instructor, boot camp, an in-class term project, a classmate tutor, and team quizzes. Using exploratory factor analysis, these social relationship development activities were grouped by two latent factors. The first factor consisted of three development activities, an icebreaker game, boot camp, and an in-class term project, while the second consists of the other three activities, individual meetings with the instructor, team quizzes, and a classmate tutor. With respect to the characteristics of social relationship development activities in each latent factor, the first represented students’ team orientation, and the second their individual orientation. The two factors’ influences on students’ grades were defined using structural equation modeling (SEM), and two latent factors had a positive effect on students’ grades, in which the individual orientation was found to have the greatest influence. It is evident that activities that develop social relationships among class participants are vital for students’ learning. This outcome will help educators design social relationship development activities with the goal to improve students’ learning and their relationships with peers in class.
Kim, S. J., & Lee, N. (2022, August), Influences of Social Relationship Development Activities on Students’ Grades in Construction Engineering and Management Education: A Statistical Analysis Paper presented at 2022 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Minneapolis, MN. https://peer.asee.org/40671
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