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Micro-patterned Polypropylene Films: Reduced Sliding Friction

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2013 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Atlanta, Georgia

Publication Date

June 23, 2013

Start Date

June 23, 2013

End Date

June 26, 2013



Conference Session

NSF Grantees' Poster Session

Tagged Topic

NSF Grantees Poster Session

Page Count


Page Numbers

23.904.1 - 23.904.11



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Paper Authors


Amod A. Ogale Clemson University and Hoowaki LLC

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Amod Ogale is a professor of Chemical Engineering at Clemson University, and also serves as the director of the Center for Advanced Engineering Fibers and Films. Ogale’s research expertise includes processing-microstructure-property relationships of fibers and films, including carbon fibers and nanocomposites. He has published three book chapters, one patent, and over 125 research papers. He has served as the PI or co-PI on more than 50 research grants worth over $6 million. Ogale is a fellow of the Society of Plastics Engineers, and the 2013 Graffin Lecturer of the American Carbon Society.

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Sarah Kelley Hulseman Hoowaki LLC

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Sarah Hulseman has been a product development engineer at Hoowaki LLC since January 2010. Hulseman graduated from Northwestern University in December 2009 with a B.S. in Manufacturing and Design Engineering, and an M.S. in Engineering Design and Innovation.

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Andrew Hampton Cannon Hoowaki LLC

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Byron S. Villacorta Clemson University


Ralph Allen Hulseman Hoowaki LLC

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Ralph Hulseman earned his M.S. and B.S. in Chemical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Hulseman has 25 years of experience at Michelin R&D. He founded Hoowaki LLC in August 2008 to develop engineered surfaces to control friction, surface tension and other properties.

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Micro-patterned Polypropylene Films: Reduced Sliding Friction Byron Villacorta and Amod A. Ogale*, Chemical Engineering and Center for Advanced Engineering Fibers and Films (CAEFF), Clemson University, Clemson Sc 29634 Sarah Hulseman, Andrew Cannon, and Ralph Hulseman, Hoowaki LLC, 511 Westinghouse Road, Pendleton, SC 29670 *Corresponding author: Prof. Amod Ogale,, 864-656-5483 AbstractThere are many applications of polymeric films where low sliding friction surfaces are required,e.g., high speed packaging equipment and low-friction tape wraps. Typical methods of reducingthe apparent sliding friction of polymeric surfaces are: (a) the use of liquid lubricants such assilicone oil or erucamide, (b) powdered solid lubricants such micro-sized starch or talc and (c)fluoropolymers [1, 2, 3]. Studies on modifying the coefficient of friction (COF) by addingdifferent chemical entities have been previously reported [1, 2]. Such chemical moieties arepartially transferred from the film to other surfaces upon contact, and may contaminate thosesurfaces. Therefore, in this study, the sliding friction of micro-textured isotactic polypropylenefilms, extruded from micro-patterned dies was assessed. We investigated two micro-patternedextrusion dies, one with rectangular texture and the other with a trapezoidal one. The effect ofthe resulting film texture on the apparent film-on-film COF and film-on-metal COF wasevaluated.The films were extruded at 220°C in custom-built cast-film line consisting of a 25-mm singlescrew extruder. The ASTM D-1894 Standard Test Method for Static and Kinetic Coefficients ofFriction of Plastic Film and Sheeting (assembly C) was used for all COF measurements on 25mm wide films with the following exceptions: (a) a 19-mm stainless steel sled was used with astandard roughness of 400 grit, and (b) a cross-head speed of 50 mm/min was used to pull thesleds.For the film-on-metal tests, the kinetic COF of non-textured films was measured to be0.348±0.023. The textured films displayed a COF of 0.234±0.013 and 0.218±0.011 for therectangular and trapezoidal textures, respectively. Thus, a reduction in COF of about 35% wasobserved in textured films as compared to the non-textured films. For film-on-film experiments,the non-textured films possessed a kinetic COF of 0.186±0.013. The films obtained from therectangular patterned-die possessed a COF of 0.163±.012, and showed a reduction in COF ofabout 12% in the machine direction. Films obtained from the trapezoidal patterned-die displayeda greater reduction of 28% (COF = 0.134±.012). On the other hand, the COF of the combinationof non-textured films on rectangular textured films (COF = 0.113±0.004) in the machinedirection configuration had a more significant reduction in friction of about 40%. These resultsindicate that micro-textured polypropylene films might be effectively used in potentialapplications where low-sliding and clean surfaces are required.Acknowledgment: This work was primarily supported by National Science Foundation under AwardEEC‐1128481 and made use of ERC Shared Facilities supported by the National Science Foundationunder Award Number EEC-9731680 References 1. Zhang, Z-Z.; Xue, Q-J.; Liu, W-M.; Shen, W-C; Friction and Wear Behaviors of Several Polymers Under Oil-Lubricated Conditions. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1998, 68, 2175–2182. 2. Samyn, P.; Tuzolana, T.M.; Effect of test scale on the friction properties of pure and internal-lubricated cast polyamides at running-in. Polym. Text., 2007, 26, 660-675. 3. Kawaguchi, M.;Yagi, K.; Kato, T.; An effect of dewetting of lubricated surfaces on friction and wear properties. J. Appl. Phys., 2005, 97, 10P311.

Ogale, A. A., & Hulseman, S. K., & Cannon, A. H., & Villacorta, B. S., & Hulseman, R. A. (2013, June), Micro-patterned Polypropylene Films: Reduced Sliding Friction Paper presented at 2013 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Atlanta, Georgia. 10.18260/1-2--22289

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