June 15, 2019
June 15, 2019
June 19, 2019
Recent concerns over the security and reliability of the world’s energy supply has caused a flux in the research and development of renewable sources. A leading renewable source has been found in the biomass gasification of biological materials derived from organic matters such as wood chips, forest debris, and farm waste that are found in abundance in the USA. There is a very strong interest worldwide in the development of technologies that allow the coupling of biomass gasification and fuel cell systems to produce high-energy efficiency, clean environmental performance and near-zero greenhouse gas emissions. Biomass gasification is a process which produces synthesis gas (syngas) that contains hydrogen and carbon monoxide from organic matter. It has been proven that syngas produced from biomass is both environmentally friendly and economically viable. Syngas is the end-product of heating hydrocarbon materials / biomass in a starved environment of oxygen using a gasification process. Syngas is another form of fuel that could be developed as an alternative for gasoline. It is well known that gasoline is a byproduct of fossil fuels, which is considered a pollutant to the environment and is rapidly depleting worldwide. Accordingly, researchers around the world are currently working on the development of different alternatives to reduce or eliminate the dependency on fossil fuels now and in the future. Due to the abundance of biomass material around the world and in the US, heavy research is being performed to gasify biomass into a possible replacement to fossil fuel. This paper shows the development of Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) operation on flex fuel using syngas and propane. A major objective of this project is to enhance the educational experiences for engineering students while working on a team project resembling a realistic work environment similar to that of an industrial setting. The outcome of such learning experiences from this effort will be the design, implementation, theoretical analysis, model development and experimental application in the near future of an interdisciplinary project- oriented course for engineering students. This course will involve concepts from fluid mechanics, heat transfer, instrumentation, and data acquisition/analysis.
Tawfik, H., & Ryu, Y. (2019, June), Powering Internal Combustion Engines Using Cost Effective SYNGAS Driven from Biomass Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--33180
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