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Powering Internal Combustion Engines Using Cost Effective SYNGAS Driven from Biomass

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2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition


Tampa, Florida

Publication Date

June 15, 2019

Start Date

June 15, 2019

End Date

October 19, 2019

Conference Session

Issues in Mechanical Engineering Technology I

Tagged Division

Engineering Technology

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Paper Authors


Hazem Tawfik P.E. State University of New York, Farmingdale

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Prof. Tawfik obtained his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering, from University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. He has held a number of industrial & academic positions and affiliations with organizations that included Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), Stony Brook University (SBU), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Atomic Energy of Canada Inc., Ontario Hydro, NASA Kennedy, NASA Marshall Space Flight Centers, and the U.S. Naval Surface Warfare Center at Carderock, Md. Dr. Tawfik is the co-author of more than 60 research papers in the areas of Hydrogen Fuel Cells, Biomass Energy, Thermo- fluids and Two Phase Flow published in prestigious peer reviewed journals and conference symposiums. He holds numerous research awards and owns the rights to four patents in the Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells area. Currently, Dr. Tawfik is a SUNY Distinguished Service Professor and the Director of the Institute for Research and Technology Transfer (IRTT) at Farmingdale State College of the State University of New York.

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Yeong Ryu State University of New York, Farmingdale

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YEONG S. RYU graduated from Columbia University with a Ph.D. and Master of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering in 1994. He has served as an associate professor of Mechanical Engineering Technology at Farmingdale State College (SUNY) since 2006. In addition, he has conducted various research projects at Xerox Corporation (1994-1995), Hyundai Motor Corporation (1995-1997), and New Jersey Institute of Technology (2001-2003).
He has been teaching and conducting research in a broad range of areas of system identification and control of nonlinear mechatronic systems and vibrations in structures requiring precision pointing to eliminate the detrimental effects of such diverse disturbance sources. He has authored or co-authored more than 70 publications. His work currently focuses on the development and implementation of modeling and control of renewable energy systems, characterization of nanomaterials, photovoltaics, and nanoscale integrated systems. He is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) and the Materials Research Society (MRS).

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Recent concerns over the security and reliability of the world’s energy supply has caused a flux in the research and development of renewable sources. A leading renewable source has been found in the biomass gasification of biological materials derived from organic matters such as wood chips, forest debris, and farm waste that are found in abundance in the USA. There is a very strong interest worldwide in the development of technologies that allow the coupling of biomass gasification and fuel cell systems to produce high-energy efficiency, clean environmental performance and near-zero greenhouse gas emissions. Biomass gasification is a process which produces synthesis gas (syngas) that contains hydrogen and carbon monoxide from organic matter. It has been proven that syngas produced from biomass is both environmentally friendly and economically viable. Syngas is the end-product of heating hydrocarbon materials / biomass in a starved environment of oxygen using a gasification process. Syngas is another form of fuel that could be developed as an alternative for gasoline. It is well known that gasoline is a byproduct of fossil fuels, which is considered a pollutant to the environment and is rapidly depleting worldwide. Accordingly, researchers around the world are currently working on the development of different alternatives to reduce or eliminate the dependency on fossil fuels now and in the future. Due to the abundance of biomass material around the world and in the US, heavy research is being performed to gasify biomass into a possible replacement to fossil fuel. This paper shows the development of Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) operation on flex fuel using syngas and propane. A major objective of this project is to enhance the educational experiences for engineering students while working on a team project resembling a realistic work environment similar to that of an industrial setting. The outcome of such learning experiences from this effort will be the design, implementation, theoretical analysis, model development and experimental application in the near future of an interdisciplinary project- oriented course for engineering students. This course will involve concepts from fluid mechanics, heat transfer, instrumentation, and data acquisition/analysis.

Tawfik, H., & Ryu, Y. (2019, June), Powering Internal Combustion Engines Using Cost Effective SYNGAS Driven from Biomass Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--33180

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