Asee peer logo

Rainwater Harvesting For Domestic Consumption In Bangladesh: Sizing And Construction Of Storage Cisterns

Download Paper |


2010 Annual Conference & Exposition


Louisville, Kentucky

Publication Date

June 20, 2010

Start Date

June 20, 2010

End Date

June 23, 2010



Conference Session

Construction Engineering Poster Session

Tagged Division


Page Count


Page Numbers

15.1011.1 - 15.1011.15



Permanent URL

Download Count


Request a correction

Paper Authors


Ifte Choudhury Texas A&M University

visit author page

Ifte Choudhury is an Associate Professor in the Department of Construction Science at Texas A&M University. Dr. Choudhury has extensive experience as a consulting architect working on projects funded by the World Bank. His areas of emphasis include housing, alternative technology, issues related to international construction, and construction education. He is also a Fulbright scholar.

visit author page


Farzana Sultana Vaughn Construction

visit author page

Farzana Sultana is has an undergraduate degree in architecture and a graduate degree in construction management. She works for Vaughn Construction.

visit author page

Download Paper |

NOTE: The first page of text has been automatically extracted and included below in lieu of an abstract

Rainwater Harvesting for Domestic Consumption in Bangladesh: Sizing and Construction of Storage Cisterns Abstract

Bangladesh has an emerging problem with water supplies not adequate to meet even the minimum requirements for potable water. Surface water is being continuously contaminated by both industrial and human pollutions; rapidly increasing demands due to population explosion results in withdrawal of ground water at a faster rate than it is replenished by recharge. This problem can easily be mitigated through rainwater harvesting, taking advantage of high quantities of rainfall in the country. This study proposes to provide some guidelines for economic rainwater harvesting for domestic consumption in urban areas of Bangladesh. The guidelines have been formulated using existing data on rainwater harvesting systems. Based on these guidelines, a mathematical model has been developed to figure out cistern sizes for collection of rainwater. The products of this research are a) computer program for calculating domestic water requirements and sizing storage cisterns and b) an animation of the proposed rainwater harvesting system. These can be used as teaching tools to demonstrate the construction methods of such a system and the benefits of the technique.

Key words: Bangladesh, Cistern sizing, Rainwater Harvesting

The Problem and its Setting

Problem Statement

Rainwater harvesting is the principle of collecting and using precipitation from a catchment area. The term is derived from a more general connotation of water harvesting that denotes the collection, storage, and use of water mainly for the purpose of irrigation. Nowadays the term generally comprises the collection of run-off on micro-catchment principles, such as roofs.

The purpose of this study is to assess a sustainable rainwater harvesting solution for multistoried residential apartments in Dhaka, Bangladesh through an extensive review of the literature and collection and analysis of secondary data. The objectives of the study were as follows:

≠ Identify and analyze the rainwater harvesting methods of Bangladesh, ≠ Analyze the significance of rainwater harvesting in the urban residential areas of Bangladesh, ≠ Develop a solution for rainwater harvesting solution for a typical multistoried residential apartment in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and ≠ Utilize programming and visualization to assess the efficacy of the solution.

Choudhury, I., & Sultana, F. (2010, June), Rainwater Harvesting For Domestic Consumption In Bangladesh: Sizing And Construction Of Storage Cisterns Paper presented at 2010 Annual Conference & Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky. 10.18260/1-2--15856

ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2010 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015