June 15, 2014
June 15, 2014
June 18, 2014
Educational Research and Methods
24.1031.1 - 24.1031.13
The role of recollection of experience to the organization and structure of engineering ‘interview talk’The use of interviews as a means for gathering data in hopes of gaining insight into issues ofinterest (e.g. conceptual understanding, relevant contexts, personal epistemologies, etc.) iswidely utilized within engineering education research. Such research delve into whatengineering experts and novices say in hopes interpreting meanings, intention, andunderstanding. This research paper approaches the interview from a different perspective.Instead of examining what is being said, this research delves into how interview participantsspeak and relay information within the context of an interview. Drawing from a specificperspective in discourse analysis (i.e. conversation analysis), this study provides analysis andinterpretation regarding engineers’ recollection of experiences during ‘interview talk’ in relationto sequential and preference/dispreference organization. Using detailed transcripts and audiorecordings of clinical, semi-structured interviews with engineering practitioners and academicinstructors, the ways in which recollections of experience functioned within the structure of talk-in-interaction is examined in detail. Three patterns of sequence organization were displayed inthe analyzed transcripts: adjacency pair with sequence closing thirds, adjacency pair with post-completion musings, and adjacency pairs with non-minimal post expansions. Further, thelocation of recollection of experiences within these patterns of sequence organization appeared tobe related to whether the engineers attempted to mitigate their responses, delay giving an answer,or perform other actions that indicate preference or dispreference (as noted by CA researcherslike Schegloff and Sacks) through the ongoing conversation with an interviewer. These findingsnote a common structure of talk that occurs within a commonly encountered context inengineering education research. By providing insight into the structure of talk-in-interaction, thisstudy provides a means for analyzing interview data from a theoretical and methodologicalperspective emerging within engineering education research. Further, the findings from thisstudy provide awareness of another level of interpretation regarding interview data beyond whatis being said into understanding how interaction occurs between two individuals participating inclinical, semi-structured interviews.
Bornasal, F. B., & Lester, J. N., & Brown, S. A. (2014, June), Recollecting Experience in Interviews: The Structure and Organization of Engineering 'Interview Talk' Paper presented at 2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana. 10.18260/1-2--22964
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2014 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015