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Sharing the Full Range of Leadership in Student Teams: Developing an Instrument

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Conference

2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Seattle, Washington

Publication Date

June 14, 2015

Start Date

June 14, 2015

End Date

June 17, 2015

ISBN

978-0-692-50180-1

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Measurement and Instrumentation

Tagged Division

Educational Research and Methods

Tagged Topic

Diversity

Page Count

21

Page Numbers

26.1370.1 - 26.1370.21

DOI

10.18260/p.24707

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/24707

Download Count

69

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Paper Authors

biography

Brian J. Novoselich Virginia Tech

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Brian Novoselich is an active duty Lieutenant Colonel in the United States Army and currently a Ph.D. Candidate in the Department of Engineering Education at Virginia Tech. His is a former assistant professor at the United States Military Academy. His research interests include capstone design teaching and assessment, undergraduate engineering student leadership development, and social network analysis.

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biography

David B Knight Virginia Tech Department of Engineering Education Orcid 16x16 orcid.org/0000-0003-4576-2490

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David Knight is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Engineering Education and affiliate faculty with the Higher Education Program, Center for Human-Computer Interaction, and Human-Centered Design Program. His research focuses on student learning outcomes in undergraduate engineering, learning analytics approaches to improve educational practices and policies, interdisciplinary teaching and learning, organizational change in colleges and universities, and international issues in higher education.

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Abstract

Sharing the Full Range of Leadership in Student Teams: Developing an InstrumentThe federal government and industry have called for engineers to play a more prominentleadership role in business and public service. Increasing the technical literacy in high levels ofleadership may help shape decisions which support well-informed, economically sustainableinnovation and solutions to problems facing our planet. Because formative experiences duringundergraduate years help engineers shape their professional identities, purposefully helpingstudents cultivate their leadership skills is an important step toward meeting those calls.Leadership scholars suggest that shared leadership may be a more effective leadership modelthan the historical norm of hierarchical individual leadership for students engaged in team-basedcapstone design projects. The capstone experience replicates the creative, complex, andinterdependent knowledge work where shared leadership can be effective. To be able to study ashared leadership model with engineering student design team contexts, we need to develop newdata collection instruments—our paper takes up this challenge.Based on Bass and Avolio’s (1994) Full Range of Leadership Model, the newly developedinstrument was designed to measure transformational leadership behaviors across the Full Rangeof Leadership in a round robin fashion. We drew on Bass and Avolio’s (1995) MultifactorLeadership Questionnaire as the base set of survey questions and collected pilot data from a totalof 240 mechanical engineering capstone design students at a large, mid-Atlantic engineeringresearch institution (n=198) as well as a smaller northeastern military focused engineeringcollege (n=42).Our analyses explore these round-robin survey data in several ways. We show consistentleadership constructs using both exploratory factor analysis and principal component analysis.The results were compared to the original construct of the Full Range of Leadership Model todetermine model consistency in the student design team context. In an effort to minimize surveyfatigue in future administrations of the survey, the resulting factors were further analyzed todecrease the number of survey items while maintaining acceptable factor reliability. We presenta reliable and shortened data collection instrument that will facilitate further study of shared FullRange of Leadership within engineering student capstone design teams. A novel finding of thestudy is a leadership construct for mechanical engineering student design teams that is notwholly consistent with previous applications of the Full Range of Leadership Model to othercontexts.

Novoselich, B. J., & Knight, D. B. (2015, June), Sharing the Full Range of Leadership in Student Teams: Developing an Instrument Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.24707

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