June 24, 2007
June 24, 2007
June 27, 2007
12.1299.1 - 12.1299.13
State-of-the-Art: Effectiveness of Rumble Stripes on Highway Safety
Traffic deaths are caused by an array of factors and more than half of these roadways fatalities in the United States are caused by roadway departures. In 2003, there were 25,562 roadway departure fatalities, accounting for 55 percent of all roadway fatalities in the United States. Also in 2003, more than 16,700 people died in run-off-the-road crashes (39 percent of all roadway fatalities), and head-on crashes represented 12 percent of all fatal crashes. In short, roadway departures are a significant and serious problem in the United States.
The work presented herein is a part of a project funded by the Mississippi Department of Transportation to determine the safety effectiveness of “Rumble Stripes” in reducing roadway departures in Mississippi. More specifically, this paper presents a series of assessments done nationwide to measure the impact of rumble stripes. The content of this paper will serve as the foundation to establish the method to determine the impact of rumble stripes in Mississippi.
This work followed a descriptive research methodology with a systematic literature review. The results presented in this paper could be used as the foundation for similar studies in other states and it has the potential to directly benefit construction education by serving as an example of good practice in engineering education
Introduction to Roadway Fatalities
The United States (U.S.) heavily relies on the roadway infrastructure. As shown in Table 1 a considerable number of highway vehicle miles are driven every year. Unfortunately, the number of fatalities is staggering with accidents becoming more frequent, resulting in situations as the one depicted in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Crash Sample Picture [Public Roads 2004]
Sulbaran, T., & Marchman, D., & Houston, S. (2007, June), State Of The Art: Effectiveness Of Rumble Stripes On Highway Safety Paper presented at 2007 Annual Conference & Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii. 10.18260/1-2--1661
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