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Technological Advancements Applied to Cardiac Care

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2018 ASEE Mid-Atlantic Section Spring Conference


Washington, District of Columbia

Publication Date

April 6, 2018

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April 6, 2018

End Date

April 7, 2018

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Christopher Lawrence Norve Wentworth Institute of Technology

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Biomedical Engineering Student at Wentworth Institute of Technology
Expected Year of Graduation: 2020
Area of Interest: Emerging Trends in Biomedical Engineering

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Shankar Muthu Krishnan Wentworth Institute of Technology

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Dr. Shankar Krishnan is the founding chair of the Biomedical Engineering program and an endowed chair professor at Wentworth Institute in Boston since 2008. He received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Rhode Island with research work done at Rhode Island Hospital. Previously, he was an assistant director at Massachusetts General Hospital (a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School) in Boston. He has also held faculty appointments in Illinois, Miami and Singapore. At NTU in Singapore, he was the founding director of the BME Research Center and the founding head of the Bioengineering division. He was the Principal Investigator for several Biomedical Engineering projects. He also worked in R&D at Coulter Electronics in Miami and in hospital design and operations management at Bechtel for healthcare megaprojects. He has served in the National Medical Research Council in Singapore. His research interests are biomedical signals and image processing, telemedicine, medical robotics and BME education. Dr. Krishnan has co-edited the text “Advances in Cardiac Signal Processing”, and published numerous papers in conference proceedings, journal papers and book chapters. He has been developing novel models in BME curriculum design, labs, interdisciplinary project-based learning, co-ops, internships and undergraduate research. Recently he served on the NSF Advisory Committee on Virtual Communities of Practice. He keeps active memberships in AAMI, ASEE, ASME, BMES, IEEE, BMES, IFMBE, and ASME. He was selected to join Phi Kappa Phi, Sigma Xi, and the American Romanian Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was elected as a Fellow of American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering and he was a member of a team which received the CIMIT Kennedy Innovation Award in Boston.

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According to a report from the American Heart Association over 92 million US adults have at least one type of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Technological advancements have been adopted in cardiac care to assist in CVD therapy for better outcomes. The objective of this paper is to review major applications of technological advances in cardiac care including robot-assisted heart surgery, implantable cardiac technologies, and heart valve replacement, and highlight the associated benefits.

Robot-assisted cardiac surgery (RACS) is an innovative procedure that allows surgeons to operate through small incisions in the chest instead of opening the chest cavity. Atrial fibrillation correction, removal of heart tumors, and dysfunctional heart valve repair are some applications of RACS. RACS has become popular due to its increased precision and improved safety when compared with conventional cardiac surgical procedures.

Implantable technologies, such as the leadless pacemaker, Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator, and Ventricular Assist Device have enhanced patient care by providing improved, long-term therapeutic cardiac solutions.

The use of 3D-bioprinting and transcatheter valve replacement have provided major innovations in cardiac surgery. Through the integration of advanced technologies, medical procedures and devices have become more safe, efficient, and cost-effective. Future refinements and innovations based on multidisciplinary collaborations will be essential for continued adoption by clinicians for CVD management.

In conclusion, technological advances applied in cardiac health care can provide doctors with the ability to improve patient care and ease of access, thus proving to be beneficial to all the stakeholders in the healthcare delivery spectrum.

Norve, C. L., & Krishnan, S. M. (2018, April), Technological Advancements Applied to Cardiac Care Paper presented at 2018 ASEE Mid-Atlantic Section Spring Conference, Washington, District of Columbia.

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