June 18, 2006
June 18, 2006
June 21, 2006
11.1257.1 - 11.1257.15
The Challenge to Change: On Reforming Engineering Education in the Arab Gulf States
Engineering education in the Arab Gulf States ((Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, The United Arab Emirates, and Oman) faces many challenges today. A major concern is that the perpetuation of the old paradigm by engineering colleges of the Region will all but assure minor roles for engineers in the future as well as difficulty in adapting to the exigencies of the fast- paced global marketplace. The transition from the present to the new paradigm, if and when it takes place, would not be easy since the decision to make the change rests mostly with those who oppose the change in the first place.
The purpose of this paper is to provide some historical perspectives while renewing the call for the need to “rethink” engineering education and to undertake constructive steps towards reforming the current systems. The paper addresses change related to programs’ development in particular and argues for the need to institutionalize the concept of continuous improvement by seeding the process within the college, and devising revitalization programs that fit the context of the institution, its student body, its faculty, and its objectives. After overcoming traditional barriers, a conceptual framework for “retooling” and/or “revitalizing” the academic programs should be outlined. What lies at the crux of the matter is: what engineering students need to learn and how can they best learn it, as well as what engineering institutions should teach and how can they best teach it?
The paper argues that various “stakeholders” in the future of engineering education (administrators, faculty, students, industry, and government leaders) as well as others - would eventually come to grip with the dilemma in which they are immersed, be stimulated to debate, and motivated to act along workable paths to implement widespread reform to insure the viability and currency of engineering education in the Region.
Achieving change via engineering education reform is a formidable challenge to any college of engineering, whether in North America or anywhere else in the world. This paper, is a follow up to prior papers (1, 2, 3, 4) on engineering reform in the Arab Gulf Sates (Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and the Sultanate of Oman) focusing on vital issues that have been either neglected or have not been sufficiently addressed. The purpose here is to provide some perspectives, and at the same time, renew the call for a new and fresh outlook at engineering education for the Region, commensurate with demands for more rounded engineering graduates with the ability to function in a modern business climate. Engineering graduates must have the abilities and the skills to cope with challenges brought about by a highly competitive and global marketplace; and also are able to develop the capacity to adapt to unforeseen changes that could take place in the future. Needless to say that we live in a complex age of rapid change where differing views and conflicting interests tend to blurry the vision and create uncertainties when important decisions have to be made.
Akili, W. (2006, June), The Challenge To Change: On Reforming Engineering Education In The Arab Gulf States Paper presented at 2006 Annual Conference & Exposition, Chicago, Illinois. https://peer.asee.org/438
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2006 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015