June 23, 2013
June 23, 2013
June 26, 2013
Computers in Education
23.1188.1 - 23.1188.19
The Education Sector Revolution: The Automation of EducationDuring the past 200 years a number of revolutions have taken place in several sectors of theworld economy such as the agricultural, industrial, and service sectors. The main traits of theserevolutions have been a push towards automation that has caused a quantum leap in productivity,and a corresponding vast reduction in the need for human labor. We believe that the educationsector is about to undergo a similar revolution in which automation of instruction delivery usingIntelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) will vastly improve accessibility to learning at a fraction ofwhat that education costs today. This will be achieved while obtaining better student outcomes ascompared to traditional learning using human teachers in classroom settings.There are three main requirements for automation in any field to be viable: the availability of atechnological solution that can replace human labor, the need for a large number of similar items,and a lower cost for automation as compared to manual methods at a similar or superior quality.Today, computer based ITSs provide the required technological solution for instruction deliveryautomation. ITSs can deliver not just a course, but an entire curriculum seamlessly, and cancontinuously assess student learning during course delivery to ensure that each student achievesfull proficiency in every course topic. Furthermore, ITSs can pinpoint the root cause of anyassessment failure of the student by tracking the cause of failure up through the ontology tree ofthe course. The ITS can also answer a student’s natural language questions using intelligentontology-based search, and an advanced expert system. Finally, ITSs can ensure that studentsretain the knowledge that they have gained perpetually if they keep using the ITS system byassigning expiration dates to the learned knowledge that are a function of the knowledge’sdifficulty, and criticality, and on the measured memory ability of each student. Concerning thesecond requirement for automation, the large number of students who are required to learn thesame content in numerous topics provides an ideal setting for developing automated courses at avery small development cost per student. As for the third requirement, ITSs can deliver coursesand virtual reality labs at a small fraction of the cost of traditional learning methods without theneed to pay for human instructors, textbooks, class/lab space, lab equipment, or consumables.Furthermore, since computer based ITS courses are delivered over the internet, campus housingand transportation costs for students can be eliminated. Finally, research has shown that welldesigned ITSs can be more effective than traditional classroom instruction, and we expect futureITSs will be more effective even than one-on-one tutoring.In this paper, we will present a review of the various ITSs that are currently available. Theframework for an effective ITS will also be presented and its potential demonstrated. The needfor efficient tools to create the ITS content will also be discussed.
Wasfy, H. M., & Wasfy, T. M., & Mahfouz, R. M., & Peters, J. (2013, June), The Education Sector Revolution: The Automation of Education Paper presented at 2013 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Atlanta, Georgia. https://peer.asee.org/22573
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