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Thorium Fuel Cycle for a Molten Salt Reactor: State of Missouri Feasibility Study

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Conference

2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition

Location

Indianapolis, Indiana

Publication Date

June 15, 2014

Start Date

June 15, 2014

End Date

June 18, 2014

ISSN

2153-5965

Conference Session

Nuclear and Radiological Division Technical Session 2

Tagged Division

Nuclear and Radiological

Page Count

29

Page Numbers

24.1261.1 - 24.1261.29

Permanent URL

https://peer.asee.org/23194

Download Count

138

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Paper Authors

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Yoonjo Jo Jo Lee University of Missouri

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Jo Jo Lee received her bachelor’s degree in Chemical Engineering and minor in Chemistry from the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities in 2004. After working about a year as a process engineer, she decided to become a lawyer. She received her Juris Doctorate at Hamline University School of Law in St. Paul, Minnesota in 2008 and she was sworn in as an attorney that year. After law school, she worked as a patent analyst for advanced chemical engineering patents. In 2010, she enrolled in the NSEI doctorate program to pursue her PhD in nuclear engineering. Her research areas include graphite oxidation, candidate alloy oxidation, carbon transport in HTGRs and thorium nuclear fuel.

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Matthew Paul Simones Nuclear Science and Engineering Institute, University of Missouri

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John C. Kennedy University of Missouri

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Currently a Ph.D. candidate and Graduate Research Assistant in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of Missouri. Specialize in experiments and numeric modeling of Fluid-Structure Interaction for nuclear fuel applications. Earned a M.S. in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering in 2012.

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Hakan Us

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Philip F. Makarewicz University of Missouri

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Janese Annetta Neher Nuclear Science and Engineering Institute-University of Missouri Columbia

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Janese A. Neher is the mother of two sons, Max Nicklas and Stock William Neher. Janese is a Licensed Professional Engineer; a Licensed Professional Counselor in the State of Missouri, and a Missouri Bar approved Mediator/Arbitrator. She owns a small business, Counseling and Coaching to Change with Mediation Services.

She has worked in the nuclear industry for 22 years in Nuclear Oversight. She has also worked at the Missouri Department of Natural Resources and the Missouri Public Service Commission. In 2010, she received the coveted Patricia Bryant Leadership Award from the Women in Nuclear Organization, the Region IV Women in Nuclear Leadership Award, and the University of Missouri's Chancellor Award for her support in the area of women's diversity. She was also awarded the Ameren Diversity award in 2009 and 2010.

She has received the following degrees: Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering, Mathematics and History; a Masters in Environmental Engineering and Education; and PhD in Nuclear Engineering from the Nuclear Science and Engineering Institute at the University of Missouri-Columbia.

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Mark A. Prelas University of Missouri, Columbia

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Professor Mark Prelas received his BS from Colorado State University, MS and PhD from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is a Professor of Nuclear Engineering and Director of Research for the Nuclear Science and Engineering institute at the University of Missouri-Columbia. His many honors include the Presidential Young Investigator Award in 1984, a Fulbright Fellow 1992, ASEE Centenial Certificate 1993, a William C. Foster Fellow (in Bureau of Arms Control US Dept. of State) 1999-2000, the Frederick Joliot-Curie Medal in 2007, the ASEE Glenn Murphy Award 2009, and the TeXTY award in 2012. He is a fellow of the American Nuclear Society. He joined the University of Missouri nuclear engineering program in 1979 as an assistant professor..

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Abstract

Thorium Fuel Cycle for a Molten Salt Reactor: State of Missouri Feasibility Study Thorium was uncovered long ago amongst the waste products of several mining operations inthe state of Missouri. Recently, the feasibility of using thorium as an alternative to uranium-based nuclear fuel is gaining global interest. Due to potential security issues surrounding theuranium fuel cycle and the environmental concerns posed by fossil fuel-based power, there isrenewed interest in mining and utilizing thorium as a nuclear fuel because of its economy,natural abundance and non-proliferation credentials. Research on thorium nuclear fuels in conjunction with molten salt reactor technology isunderway in countries with large thorium reserves, such as, India, China and Russia but to alesser extent, the United States. The molten salt reactor is one of the most promising nuclearreactor designs being developed internationally. Molten salt reactors are currently one of sixGeneration IV reactor concepts with two basic variants: a reactor that uses salt as both fuel andcoolant and may have a fully closed fuel cycle or a molten salt cooled reactor that uses salt ascoolant only with a once-through fuel cycle. However, in the United States, most of the thoriumnuclear fuel and molten salt reactor research dates to the 1960s. The reactor designs were neverfully conceived due to a lack of financial backing and a perceived lack of military application forthorium fuel. Missouri is a leader in nuclear power due to the successfully operated Callawayplant and being home to one of the largest research reactors in the country. Missouri’s naturalresources and nuclear expertise create a unique potential for it to revisit, motivate and leadthorium nuclear fuel research in conjunction with development of molten salt reactor technologyfor the United States.

Lee, Y. J. J., & Simones, M. P., & Kennedy, J. C., & Us, H., & Makarewicz, P. F., & Neher, J. A., & Prelas, M. A. (2014, June), Thorium Fuel Cycle for a Molten Salt Reactor: State of Missouri Feasibility Study Paper presented at 2014 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana. https://peer.asee.org/23194

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