June 24, 2017
June 24, 2017
June 28, 2017
Educational Research and Methods
This work in progress paper examines methodological considerations for developing and employing personas (fictional, archetypal characters developed from research data to represent targeted product user groups) with scenarios (narrative descriptions of the actions targeted users take within a particular context) as tools for communicating educational research findings and broadening participation of diverse students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). As part of an on-going NSF sponsored project to explore nontraditional student engagement in online support forums in distance-delivered calculus, we propose to construct student personas with contextualized scenarios from an existing mixed dataset. The dataset describes student actions, behaviors, and goals and consists of exam scores, demographic and attitudinal survey responses, online forum postings, interview transcripts, and observational field notes. Once developed, the personas with scenarios will form the basis of an online forum student usage model that will be broadly disseminated as research findings.
In this paper, we describe methodological considerations synthesized from a review of cross-disciplinary approaches to persona/scenario development documented within the user-centered design and human-computer interaction literature. During our review, we pay particular attention to emerging use of student-focused personas/scenarios within STEM education. We use findings from the literature to develop methodologically appropriate next steps for constructing and assessing data-driven student personas with scenarios from our existing dataset. During follow on work, we will employ these steps to develop, disseminate and assess personas with scenarios as tools for broadening participation and inclusion in STEM education.
Minichiello, A., & Hood, J. R., & Harkness, D. S. (2017, June), Work In Progress: Methodological Considerations for Constructing Nontraditional Student Personas with Scenarios from Online Forum Usage Data in Calculus Paper presented at 2017 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Columbus, Ohio. 10.18260/1-2--29171
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