July 26, 2021
July 26, 2021
July 19, 2022
New Engineering Educators
Since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic in March 2020, normal life as we knew it was disrupted. Many universities across the US were forced to either end their Spring semester early or switch to remote learning for what is left of it, depending on their capacities and facilities. Most instructors were not well prepared to deliver their course contents remotely. They had to improvise their own remote teaching style, depending on their course type and the remote learning platform they were provided, which created extreme inconsistency among instructors and across universities. Students were obligated to this new learning environment and reported that they were overwhelmed with all its unprecedented challenges. Different remote teaching styles can be categorized into two main categories, Synchronous and Asynchronous teaching styles. In the former, the instructor and the students meet at the same time as their class, but virtually, using the provided online meeting platform. Then, the instructor would decide whether to record the virtual meeting and make it available to the students for later reviewing, or not. On the other hand, the Asynchronous method is where instructors pre-record their lectures as videos and make them available to the students before their scheduled classes. Students would have to review these video lectures before coming to the online class meeting, then discussions and interactive exercises would be held during class time. Each one of these learning styles possesses its own challenges, for the instructors and the students. For example, while the Synchronous style may seem to be the closest to a normal classroom, both instructors and students need to have a stable and fast internet connection, and a distraction-free environment to ensure everyone’s engagement in the class. Another challenge would be for students trapped abroad in different time zones, who might not be able to attend the online meeting at its original scheduled time. Alternatively, the Asynchronous style may help solve some of the aforementioned challenges, however, it manifests its own. The main disadvantage of this method is the lack of live interaction, as students don’t ask their questions while watching the recorded lecture, and that often affects their understanding for the remainder of the recorded lecture. Consequently, this might lead to doubling the amount of time and effort dedicated to each class. In this work, we study the students’ perspectives on different remote teaching styles and the challenges they face in remote learning. Five-hundred and nineteen students were surveyed across the Freshmen Program and the sophomore; junior; and senior years of the Electrical and Computer Engineering department of the school hosting this study. The study considers 12 different courses offered during Spring and Summer 2020. These courses cover a broad spectrum of types, including project-based, lab-based, and regular book courses. The results were analyzed to understand students’ preferences and struggles. Accordingly, we plan to recommend the best approaches that help most students achieve their learning objectives.
Hassan, A., & Dallal, A., & Zaghloul, M. A. S. (2021, July), A Survey-Based Study of Students’ Perspective on Different Remote Teaching Styles During COVID-19 Paper presented at 2021 ASEE Virtual Annual Conference Content Access, Virtual Conference. 10.18260/1-2--36619
ASEE holds the copyright on this document. It may be read by the public free of charge. Authors may archive their work on personal websites or in institutional repositories with the following citation: © 2021 American Society for Engineering Education. Other scholars may excerpt or quote from these materials with the same citation. When excerpting or quoting from Conference Proceedings, authors should, in addition to noting the ASEE copyright, list all the original authors and their institutions and name the host city of the conference. - Last updated April 1, 2015