June 15, 2019
June 15, 2019
October 19, 2019
Women in Engineering
Navigating the workplace as an early career professional is daunting for anyone, especially women entering a technical field such as engineering. When encountering challenging, gender-based situations, women react in various ways, from ignoring the situation to leaving the engineering field completely. Through a literature review, this paper investigates conceptually aligning counterfactual thinking and career motivation theory for early career women engineers. Counterfactual thinking is the creation of alternative scenarios to events that already occurred and imagining different consequences or benefits. Career motivation theory aims to understand career plans and decisions. From these theories, this review explores the effects of counterfactual thinking on women engineers’ reactions to challenging situations, from work-life balance to discrimination, that they encounter in the workplace during their early careers and how that affects their long-term career motivation. The results of this review provide an initial conceptual alignment for integrating counterfactual thinking and career motivation theory and will lead to future research to understand how early career women engineers process the situations they are experiencing, how they use counterfactual thinking during these situations, and the impact on their career motivation.
Desing, R., & Kajfez, R. L. (2019, June), Literature Review of Counterfactual Thinking and Career Motivation Theory for Early Career Women Engineers Paper presented at 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition , Tampa, Florida. 10.18260/1-2--33068
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