June 14, 2015
June 14, 2015
June 17, 2015
Design in Engineering Education
26.1548.1 - 26.1548.22
The Impact of Teaming and Problem Solving Style on Student Perceptions of Design Ideation OutcomesThe importance of idea generation (ideation) within the engineering design process is recognizedin academic and industrial settings alike. The collaborative nature of engineering design is alsowell-established, with individuals of differing personalities, technical backgrounds, and levels ofexperience coming together to meet shared design objectives. Engineering educators routinelyput students in design teams to complete both simple and complex projects, with the assessmentof students’ individual differences becoming increasingly common. Our goal for this study wasto explore the extent to which teaming and problem solving style, respectively, impact theperceptions of students about the creativity, diversity, and elaborateness of their ideas, as well astheir perceptions of the relative difficulty of generating ideas alone or with another person.To this end, a study was conducted with 122 students participating in a variety of engineering-related programs across three Midwestern universities. Student academic level ranged from highschool students participating in a pre-engineering program to undergraduate and graduatestudents enrolled in engineering and design degree programs. All students engaged in twoseparate ideation sessions (one individually and one in pairs) and completed a problem solvingstyle inventory (KAI®). For the first session, students were asked to generate solutions to adesign problem individually using words and sketches. After this first ideation exercise, studentswere asked to generate ideas for a new problem in a two-person team, recording their ideasseparately on their own individual worksheets. For each idea generated in the paired session,students were also asked to indicate which person of the two first verbalized each idea, as well ashow much each person contributed to the idea’s generation and development.Following each ideation session, students completed a short reflection survey (individually) toprovide insights into how they perceived their own ideation during the session. In particular, thestudents were asked to evaluate how creative, diverse, and elaborate their ideas were, along withthe level of difficulty they experienced generating ideas under each condition. These studentperceptions were analyzed for differences between the individual and paired ideation sessions. Inaddition, correlations between the students’ perceptions (from both sessions) and their individualproblem solving styles were examined to determine whether perceptions differed between themore adaptive (more structured) and the more innovative (less structured) problem solvers, asmeasured by KAI®. Preliminary results suggest that student perceptions of both the diversity andthe elaborateness of their ideas are influenced by teaming and/or problem solving style. Thispaper will report on the details of our experimental procedure, the results of our analyses, and theimplications of these results in the engineering classroom.
Jablokow, K. W., & Teerlink, W., & Yilmaz, S., & Daly, S. R., & Silk, E. M. (2015, June), The Impact of Teaming and Cognitive Style on Student Perceptions of Design Ideation Outcomes Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.24885
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