June 23, 2013
June 23, 2013
June 26, 2013
23.1220.1 - 23.1220.11
The Inverted Classroom in a First-Year Engineering CourseA first-year course affords a unique opportunity to implement new instructional techniques sincestudents’ lack of prior college experience leads to less resistance than one might expect in anupper-level course. The first-year engineering program at a large Midwestern university electedto implement the inverted, or flipped, classroom model.1 Through this model, the instructorshoped to dedicate their contact time with the students to addressing conceptual problems andfacilitating in-class activities, rather than lecturing about factual material. Further, by holdingstudents accountable for their pre-class preparation, the environment would foster the skillsnecessary for lifelong learning. Despite the potential of this approach in the first-yearengineering classroom, few authors have discussed the inverted classroom in this context.2 Thepurpose of this paper is to relay the method by which one program applied the invertedclassroom model to its first-year engineering classes and to share results of preliminary analysesof the effect this change had on student performance and experience, focusing on fall semester.The fall semester focused primarily on computer-aided problem solving, using Excel, MATLAB,and C/C++. Academic integrity, engineering ethics, data analysis, team building, and theengineering design process were also covered. There was a laboratory component to the course,which included laboratory exercises from a variety of engineering disciplines. The invertedclassroom model was applied to each course component. Each instructional day was divided intotwo parts: preparation and application. The preparation component was completed before classand involved pre-class learning activities such as videos, reading assignments, and tutorials,which were intended to promote remembering and understanding.3 Student completion of thepreparation activity was evaluated either through a quiz on the online course management systemor through a short assignment submitted at the beginning of class. The application componentbegan with class and included a short set of slides, in-class activities, and homework, oftenrequiring students to use higher level Bloom’s taxonomy skills, such as application, analysis, andevaluation.The authors are currently teaching the course. As of abstract submission, preliminary datasuggest that the students are better prepared for class, and the student response seems to beneutral to positive. However, a concrete analysis of student performance and response cannot becompleted until the class is closer to conclusion. This will occur before submission of the draftpaper. The paper will report on student self-assessment of learning in course objectives in boththe traditional and inverted models, use rate of course resources, and responses to the courseformat. Additionally, student learning gains, as measured through final exam performance.The inverted classroom model has the potential to revolutionize the first-year engineeringexperience. It allows the instructor to focus on higher-level learning in the classroom andprovides students with a strong foundation for lifelong learning. By sharing the strengths andweaknesses of this initial implementation in this paper, the authors hope to provide a resource forother instructors considering the change to the inverted classroom model.1. M.J. Lage, G.J. Platt, and M. Treglia. “Inverting the Classroom: A Gateway to Creating anInclusive Learning Environment,” The Journal of Economic Education, vol. 31, no. 1, Winter2000.2. M. Pedroni and B. Meyer. “The inverted curriculum in practice,” SIGCSE Bulletin, vol. 38,no. 1, March 2006.3. L.W. Anderson, et al. A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing. Addison WesleyLongman, Inc., Illinois, 2001.
Morin, B., & Kecskemety, K. M., & Harper, K. A., & Clingan, P. A. (2013, June), The Inverted Classroom in a First-Year Engineering Course Paper presented at 2013 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Atlanta, Georgia. https://peer.asee.org/22605
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