June 14, 2015
June 14, 2015
June 17, 2015
Design in Engineering Education
26.1662.1 - 26.1662.31
Using Design Process Timelines to Teach Design: Implementing Research ResultsWhile design has been increasingly taught in engineering courses over the last decade, there arestill many opportunities to improve the effectiveness of design learning. This paper presents theresults of several attempts to use empirically based design process timelines as the basis ofteaching undergraduate engineering students about the design process. Design process timelinesare graphical representations that display how an individual allocates time across a set of designactivities as they engage in a design process. These representations, constructed with data fromindividuals with varying levels of design expertise, present salient information about howindividual design processes can differ. We have developed a series of tasks based on theserepresentations whose purpose is to teach students about the design process, and we implementedthem with eight undergraduate engineering students in two separate research seminars at a largestate institution.Specifically, in these tasks students were presented with design timelines and the empirically-based codes that were used to construct the timelines and were asked to develop newrepresentations from that data. They were then asked to execute a design task, capture their owndesign process, and then create a representation of their personal design process. Finally, at theend of a quarter that included the above tasks plus tasks to consider additional design issues suchas context and perspective, students were asked to create a “memory aid” to capture importantaspects of the design process that they wish to take with them to their next design experiences.In this paper we present the work that the students turned in for the design projects as well as theresults of several pre/post questions on design processes. We also present a mapping of thestudents’ work to the elements of the design process presented to them in the design timelines todetermine the impact of the use of the timelines to teach design.
Atman, C. J., & McDonnell, J., & Campbell, R. C., & Borgford-Parnell, J. L., & Turns, J. A. (2015, June), Using Design Process Timelines to Teach Design: Implementing Research Results Paper presented at 2015 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Seattle, Washington. 10.18260/p.24998
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